Print Friendly, PDF & Email

What are the different ways in which poverty is measured in India? Though the statistics point to a reduction in poverty in the last decade but India remains far from achieving Sustainable Development Goal-1 (SDG-1). Examine. How can SDG-1 be achieved by 2030?

Topic: Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

2. What are the different ways in which poverty is measured in India? Though the statistics point to a reduction in poverty in the last decade but India remains far from achieving Sustainable Development Goal-1 (SDG-1). Examine. How can SDG-1 be achieved by 2030?  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Live MintInsights on India

Why the question:

The all-India poverty ratio in 2020-21 is 17.9%, compared to 21.9% in 2011-12, with lower poverty in urban India compared to rural India.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the measurement of poverty, reasons for poverty despite poverty alleviation measures and ways to SDG-1.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the answer by giving context regarding the reduction in poverty by citing a statistic.

Body:

First, write about the various ways to measure poverty – National Sample Survey (NSS) based per capita consumption, Income based poverty line, consumption-based poverty line, Poverty line basket, Various committees and international standards etc.

Next, write about the reasons as to why despite poverty alleviation measures poverty is at a higher rate in India.

Next, write about ways to achieve SDG-1.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward to achieve SDG-1.