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Compare and contrast the Sufi and the Bhakti movement in India. What were the factors that led to emergence of Bhakti movement?

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1. Compare and contrast the Sufi and the Bhakti movement in India. What were the factors that led to emergence of Bhakti movement? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about differences and similarities between Sufi and Bhakti and factors behind rise of bhakti.

Directive word:

Compare and contrast – provide for a detailed comparison of the two types, their features that are similar as well as different. One must provide for detailed assessment of the two.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving defining Bhakti and the Sufi movements.

Body:

First, write about the various differences between Sufi and Bhakti movement.

Next, write about certain similarities between the Sufi and Bhakti movement.

Next, write about the factors that played a part in the emergence of Bhakti – role of alvars and Nayanars, the acharyas, priestly hegemony, use of vernacular literature etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning significance of Sufi and Bhakti to Indian society.