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The BRICS are at a turbulent crossroads as renewed great power competition intersects with countervailing tendencies in the emerging multipolar arena. Analyse. What course corrections are required to ensure deeper collaboration among the BRICS nations?

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

4. The BRICS are at a turbulent crossroads as renewed great power competition intersects with countervailing tendencies in the emerging multipolar arena. Analyse. What course corrections are required to ensure deeper collaboration among the BRICS nations? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

Russia’s conflict with Ukraine has complicated the agenda of the two-day BRICS summit that begins on Thursday.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the issues among the BRICS countries in the present day and measures needed to overcome them.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving aims and objectives of BRICS.

Body:

In the first part, write about the various issues among the BRICS member countries which has brough them at a crossroad. Mention the current limitations of the BRICS bloc and hindrances to achieve its potential.

Next, mention the course corrections that are required – the role of trade and connectivity that can lead to collective economic benefits to the BRICS countries especially in the face of global economic turmoil, political consultation, deeper engagement over key areas etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward and diplomatic steps needed to be taken in this regard.