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Centre mandates 3-yr health insurance plan for surrogate mothers

Gs Paper-2

Syllabus: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources

 

Context:

The government has issued fresh surrogacy rules, making it mandatory for couples who wish to become parents through surrogacy to buy health insurance plans for surrogate mothers for a period of 36 months.

Provisions:

  • Limited attempts: The government has also ensured that the number of attempts of any surrogacy procedure on the surrogate mother shall not be more than three times.
  • Allowed abortion: A surrogate mother may be allowed for abortion during the process of surrogacy in case of any complication as advised by the doctors
  • Regulation of private clinics: Every private surrogacy clinic has to file an application for registration with a fee of ₹2 lakh which is non-refundable. However, facilities under government-run institutes are exempt from such fees.
  • Specialist availability: Surrogacy clinics shall have at least one gynaecologist, one anaesthetist, one embryologist and one counsellor.
  • Marriage period: The couple should be married for more than five years.
  • Consent of surrogate: Under the Surrogacy Rules 2022, a surrogate mother has to give her consent through an agreement for giving up all her rights over the child and shall hand over the child/children as soon as she is permitted to do so by the hospital.

 

Counter view: Some experts have highlighted that health insurance coverage for 36 months which includes the postpartum expense for surrogate mother is a long period as it will unnecessarily burden the intending couple.

 

Insta Links

Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2020

The debates around the Surrogacy Act

What’s in ART, Surrogacy Bills?

 

Practice Questions:

Q. In the context of hereditary diseases, consider the following statements: (UPSC CSE 2021)

  1. Passing on mitochondrial diseases from parent to child can be prevented by mitochondrial replacement therapy either before or after in vitro fertilization of an egg.
  2. A child inherits mitochondrial diseases entirely from the mother and not from the father.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

Answer: (c)

 Q. India’s regulation of surrogacy falls short of protecting bodily autonomy and guaranteeing reproductive liberty. Critically analyse. (15M)

Source: Live Mint