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Australia says LAC assault was a warning

GS Paper 2

Syllabus: Bilateral, regional and global grouping and agreements.



  • The assault on Indian forces along the Line of Actual Control in 2020 was a “warning we should all heed”, and Australia stood up for India’s sovereignty, Australian Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Defense.
  • He was referring to the standoff in eastern Ladakh and the clash in Galway Which led to the death of 20 Indian soldiers.
  • India is also set to participate in Australia’s Indo-Pacific Endeavour exercise in October 2022.


Line of Actual Control(LAC):

Current Affairs


  • Demarcation Line: The Line of Actual Control (LAC) is the demarcation that separates Indian-controlled territory from Chinese-controlled territory.
  • LAC is different from the Line of Control (LoC) with Pakistan:
    The LoC emerged from the 1948 ceasefire line negotiated by the United Nations (UN) after the Kashmir War.
    • It was designated as the LoC in 1972, following the Shimla Agreement between the two countries. It is delineated on a map signed by the Director-General of Military Operations (DGMO) of both armies and has the international sanctity of a legal agreement.
  • The LAC, in contrast, is only a concept – it is not agreed upon by the two countries, neither delineated on a map nor demarcated on the ground.
  • Length of the LAC: India considers the LAC to be 3,488 km long, while the Chinese consider it to be only around 2,000 km.


Indo-Pacific Endeavour exercise:

  • It Involves exercises and cooperation with 7 countries in the IOR including Sri Lanka, India, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, and Singapore.
  • AUSINDEX 2019, the bilateral naval exercise between India and Australia held in April 2019 was also a part of Indo-Pacific Endeavour 2019 of Australia.


Galway Valley:

Current Affairs          


Insta Links:

To read about Galwan valley: click here

To read about India-Australia relations: click here

Practice Question

Q. Which of the following is the correct arrangement of LAC points from west to east?

a. ShipkiLa-Dibang Valley-Pangong Tso-Barahoti

b. Pangong Tso-ShipkiLa-Barahoti-Dibang Valley

c. Barahoti-Pangong Tso-ShipkiLa-Dibang Valley

d. ShipkiLa-Dibang Valley-Barahoti-Pangong Tso


Ans: (b)

Q. India and Australia have shared a cordial relation for a very long time and have witnessed an increased commitment in the recent past. Discuss. (10M)

Source:  The Hindu