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[ INSTA Ethics! ] : What is Ethics ?


What is Ethics ?

Origin of the wordIt has its origins in the Greek word “ethike” which means the study of habits.
  • Definition of Ethics
  • Ethics refers to well-founded moral norms that dictate what humans should do, usually in terms of rights, obligations, societal advantages, justice, or special qualities.
  • It means an ongoing endeavour to examine our moral views and actions, to ensure that we, and the institutions we help form, adhere to reasonable and well-founded norms.
  • Ethics is a branch of philosophy that aims to understand the decision-making process in an individual and how it impacts the individual and society.
Tools of EthicsValues, norms, principles, and beliefs are some of the tools used to showcase ethical actions.
Importance of EthicsIt helps in:
  1. It creates happiness.
  2. Progressive in nature.
  3. Minimizes inequalities.
  4. It ensures a stable order.
  5. It builds social cohesion.
Importance for an administrator to be ethicalAn ethical administrator will ensure:
  1. Observing constitutional values like Equality, liberty, fraternity, and justice and realizing other goals enshrined in FR and DPSP.
  2. Encourages participatory democracy
  3. Easier to achieve Sustainable Development Goals. Ex: Corruption-less governance might better alleviate poverty conditions.
  4. It can boost the performance of the government.
  5. It enhances the value of administration at both the central and state level.
Policies aimed at creating an ethical administration in IndiaRight to Information (RTI) Act, Citizen’s charter, Mission Karmayogi etc.
Leaders, administrators and philosophers have known for their ethicsBuddha, Mahavira, Ashoka, Akbar, Abraham Lincoln, Mahatma Gandhi, Nelson Mandela, Ashok Khemka, Durgashakthi Nagpal, Dr APJ Abdul Kalam, Ratan Tata, Warren Buffett etc.
Quotes to remember
  • “Ethics is knowing the difference between what you have a right to do and what is right to do.”- Potter Stewart.
  • “The time is always right to do what is right.”- Martin Luther King, Jr.
  • “A man’s ethical behaviour should be based effectually on sympathy, education, and social ties and needs; no religious basis is necessary. Man would indeed be in a poor way if he had to be restrained by fear of punishment and hope of reward after death.”- Albert Einstein.
  • Morality is the basis of things and truth is the substance of all morality- MK Gandhi.