Topic: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government;
3. A powerful, independent judiciary is of paramount importance to protect rights of citizens and country’s socio-economic development. Hence, there is a scope for reforms to make higher judiciary efficient and effective. Analyse. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Why the question:
Rumours are rife that age of retirement of Supreme Court of India judges is to be increased to 67 years, not immediately but come a couple of months.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the need for reforms in Indian judiciary and how to achieve them.
Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by giving context of judicial reforms.
First, write about the need of judicial reforms in India. In detail, enumerate the various issues in the Indian judiciary. Substantiate with facts and examples.
Next, write what reforms are needed in its place to ensure that Indian judiciary is efficient, effective and accountable.
Conclude with a way forward.