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[MISSION 2023] SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 20 June 2022

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1. What were the factors behind rise of feudalism in ancient India? Evaluate its impact on the Indian socio-political set up. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: wikipedia.orgTimes of India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about factors for rise of feudalism in India and its impact.

Directive word:

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining feudalism.

Body:

First, write about the major factors for rise of feudalism in India – declining central authority, land grants, powerful feudatories, grant of police powers etc.

Next, write about how feudalism impact the India polity and the society.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

2. Throw light on the features and nature of Chola local self-governing villages. Were they really autonomous? Discuss their significance.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India 

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the Chola local self-governing villages. 

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by giving context of Uttaramerur inscription.

Body:

First, write in detail, the features of Chola local self-governing villages – various qualifications, disqualifications, committees and their natures of responsibilities.

Next, write about the level of autonomy enjoyed by these Chola local self-governing villages. 

Next, write about the significance of Chola local self-governing villages. 

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

3. Digitisation in India is making strides at a great pace. Hence, access to internet becomes pertinent for the upliftment of the masses as a social measure. Do you think access to internet should be declared as a fundamental right? Critically analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

The right to access the internet in India is making strides at a great pace which opens up the debate of internet as a fundamental right.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the role of internet in socio-economic development and feasibility of internet as a fundamental right.

Directive word: 

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of digitisation in India and various measures related to it.

 Body:

First, write about the benefits offered by internet for economy, development and society. Substantiate with facts and examples.

Next, write about internet as a Fundamental right – reasons as to why it should be declared as a fundamental right.

Next, write about the limitations in declaring   internet as a Fundamental right.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints.

4. National Mission on Edible Oils and Oil Palm (NMEO-OP) may be a step towards “atmanirbharta” in palm oil production but its fraught with economic and ecological concerns which need to be addressed. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

The “excessive dependence” on imports has raised the pitch for “atmanirbharta” in edible oil. The Prime Minister launched the National Edible Oil Mission-Oil Palm (NEOM-OP) in 2021.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the potential drawbacks of the National Mission on Edible Oils and Oil Palm (NMEO-OP) with respect to overzealous push on cultivation of oil palm.

Directive word: 

Critically analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Write about National Mission on Edible Oils and Oil Palm (NMEO-OP), its aims and objectives.

Body:

Mention the recent push by the government towards cultivation of palm in India. The areas chosen for its cultivation.

Next, mention benefits India will accrue from achieving self-reliance in palm oil.

Write about potential pitfalls and negative outcome of this mission with respect to Oil palm. Deforestation, damaging effects on the environment and human rights violation etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

5. In what ways can the science, innovation, and research & development (SIRD) be given an impetus in the country? Discuss the role that ‘petty patents’ can play in this regard.   (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Innovative activity is the key driver of competitiveness and economic growth. In that context, India’s rank of 46 in WIPO’s Global Innovation Index (GII) 2021, up from 81 in 2015, is encouraging.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about ways to boost R&D in India and role of petty patents in doing so.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving a statistic related to R&D in the country.

Body:

First, write about the ways in which science, innovation, and research & development (SIRD) can be given a impetus in the country – private investment, state of the art infrastructure, preventing brain drain, monetary incentives etc.

Next, write about petty patents – its definition and how it can boost R&D in the country.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

6. What is ‘critical information infrastructure’? There is a need for a more integrated and strategic approach to securing critical information infrastructure, as they are so crucial to the economic, social and political wellbeing of the country. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

The Union Ministry of Electronics and IT (MeitY) has declared IT resources of ICICI Bank, HDFC Bank and UPI managing entity NPCI as ‘critical information infrastructure’.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about critical information infrastructure and need for new approach to protect it.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining critical information infrastructure.

Body:

First, write about the various components of critical information infrastructure and its importance to economic, social and political wellbeing of the country.

Next, write about the measures that are currently put in place for protecting it and their limitations.

Next, write about the new approach that must be taken to protect critical information infrastructure in the country.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance;

7. By placing a moral compass, we create a clear vision of the mental processes that point us in an ethical direction. Elaborate. (150 words)

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Philosophical Mondays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

Using the metaphor of the moral compass to describe conscience, our inner sense of right and wrong offers a framework to guide our actions.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by describing what you understand by moral compass (conscience) which governs the actions you take in day to day life.

Body:

Elaborate on how the moral compass aids in deciding what right from is wrong. Use examples to substantiate your points.

One way is to treat others the way you want to be treated.

Next way, to use Rights Theory that obligates us to respect the rights of others and live up to our obligations towards them.

Another way is to utilitarian perspective to do maximum good for maximum people.

Conclusion:

Completed the answer by bring out how the moral compass prevents us acting purely from self-interest and helps us live a life of integrity.


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