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In what ways can the science, innovation, and research & development (SIRD) be given an impetus in the country? Discuss the role that ‘petty patents’ can play in this regard.

Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

5. In what ways can the science, innovation, and research & development (SIRD) be given an impetus in the country? Discuss the role that ‘petty patents’ can play in this regard.   (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Innovative activity is the key driver of competitiveness and economic growth. In that context, India’s rank of 46 in WIPO’s Global Innovation Index (GII) 2021, up from 81 in 2015, is encouraging.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about ways to boost R&D in India and role of petty patents in doing so.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving a statistic related to R&D in the country.

Body:

First, write about the ways in which science, innovation, and research & development (SIRD) can be given a impetus in the country – private investment, state of the art infrastructure, preventing brain drain, monetary incentives etc.

Next, write about petty patents – its definition and how it can boost R&D in the country.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.