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[MISSION 2022] SECURE 2022 : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 13 June 2022

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

1. Throw light on the administration of the Maratha’s under Shivaji with a special emphasis on his agricultural policy. What lessons can the present-day policy makers learn from it?  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: firstpost.com

Why the question:

The way Shivaji handled all aspects of administration, especially the agriculture sector, can be the guiding spirit for the modern-day administrators and policymakers of India.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about administration of Shivaji, his agricultural policy and lessons for present day administrators.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by giving context of Shivaji as the first Maratha king and an able administrator.

Body:

First, write about the key aspects of the overall administration of Shivaji and his organisation of administration.

Next, write about the Shivaji’s agricultural policy and its various features.

Next, write about the key lessons that can be drawn by the present-day policy makers form the administration of Shivaji. Cite examples to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

2. The simmering discontent of the tribal people broke out into popular uprisings in different parts of India at different points of time due to the shared experience of colonial oppression. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper –1.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about how various forms of oppression resulted in various tribal revolts and its significance.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by mentioning that eighteenth and the nineteenth centuries witnessed many tribal uprisings against the oppression of ruling class.

Body:

Mention about the various issues faced by tribals such as imposition of a high land revenue demand by the state, corrupt practices, the colonial policies further aggravating their hardships such as destruction of Indian handloom and handicraft industries eviction of peasants from their lands, encroachment on tribal lands etc, money lenders, eviction etc. Cite a few instances of peasant and tribal revolts such as Bhil, Mappila, Santhal etc to substantiate your points.

Next, Write about its significance of these tribal revolts.

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning that in the long run up to the National freedom struggle, the Peasants and tribals struggle evolved and became part of main stream national movement eventually.

 

Topic: population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

3. What are the factors behind the continuance of child labour in India? Can universal social protection help end the menace of child labour? Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Money Control

Why the question:

World Day Against Child Labour 2022: This year, the day is being marked with the theme “universal social protection to end child labour”.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the causes behind child labour menace and role of universal social protection in ending it.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving statistic relating to child labour in India. 

Body:

First, write about the various measures to curb child labour and reasons for its continuance despite it – Poverty, inequality, lack of educational opportunities, slow demographic transition, traditions and cultural expectations etc.

Next, write about universal social protection – what it is, how it can help in curbing child labour. Cite examples and facts. Also, mention its shortcomings and how that can be addressed.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward and importance of ending child labour in achieving SDG’s.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

4. The Indian constitution tries to accommodate diversity in India through asymmetrical federal provisions of power sharing between states. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Polity by M. Laxmikanth.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about asymmetric federalism and its need.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining asymmetric federalism in India.             

Body:

Explain the asymmetric federalism prevalent and followed in the country; the main forms of administrative units in India are the Centre and the States. But there are other forms, too, all set up to address specific local, historical and geographical contexts. Besides the Centre and the States, the country has Union Territories with a legislature and Union Territories without a legislature. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude with uniqueness and importance of India’s federalism.

 

Topic: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

5. Do you agree with the view that the President of India is just a titular head? Critically comment. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express ,Insights on India          

Why the question:

The Election Commission has notified the election of India’s next President on July 18. A look at the voting procedure, how the votes of MLAs and MPs are weighted, and how previous elections have played out.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the role of President of India in the Indian executive.

Directive word: 

Critically comment – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘comment’ is prefixed, we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving a brief about president as the head of the Indian state.

Body:

First, discuss how he is just a titular head – He is the nominal head of the government but the real power lies with the Prime Minister. Discuss article 53, 74, 75 etc. Use suitable examples of recent incidents from which it is evident that he is a mere rubber stamp.

Next, give the counter view – situations where President has powers and does not act as a rubber stamp. For Example -Veto powers of president like pocket veto, suspensive veto etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a balanced opinion.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

6. Analyse the implications of high rates of unemployment on the Economy. Suggest measures to create long-term and sustainable employment amidst global volatility.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference:  Economic Times

Why the question: 

Former Reserve Bank of India Governor Raghuram Rajan ​has said that if unemployment rates in India remain high, it may lead to ‘entrepreneurial’ politicians who cater to religious divisions, rather than focusing on actually enhancing jobs.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the implications of employment and ways to tackle it.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by citing a statistic to show the extent of unemployment in India.

Body:

First, mention the factors that have contributed to unemployment in India and its impact – reduced demand, consumption, and buying power, which in turn causes lower profits for businesses and leads to budget cuts and workforce reductions.

Next, write about the measures that are needed to create jobs.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world to the concepts of morality;

7. What is moral absolutism? Explain with examples. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Philosophical Mondays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining moral absolutism.

Body:

In detail, explain the moral absolutism and use examples to substantiate you points.

Next, write a critique of moral absolutism.

Conclusion:

Conclude the answer by summarizing.


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