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[Mission 2022] INSIGHTS DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB SUMMARY 13 June 2022

 

InstaLinks help you think beyond the issue but relevant to the issue from UPSC prelims and Mains exam point of view. These linkages provided in this ‘hint’ format help you frame possible questions in your mind that might arise(or an examiner might imagine) from each current event. InstaLinks also connect every issue to their static or theoretical background. This helps you study a topic holistically and add new dimensions to every current event to help you think analytically

 

Table of Contents:

 

GS Paper 1:

1. Sant Tukaram.

 

GS Paper 2:

1. National e-Vidhan Application (NeVA) Project.

2. Draft anti-trafficking Bill.

3. Child Labour Day.

4. FATF Grey List.

 

Facts for Prelims:

1. Paralitherizinosaurus japonicus.

2. Chelonoidis phantasticus.

3. Ramsay Hunt Syndrome.

4. Regional English Language Office (RELO).

5. NH53.

6. CiSS application.

7. Indian National Space Promotion and Authorisation Centre (IN-SPACe).


Sant Tukaram:

GS Paper 1:

Syllabus: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

 

Context:

Prime Minister Narendra Modi will inaugurate the Sant Tukaram Shila Mandir in the temple town of Dehu in Pune district.

 

Current Affairs

 

About Sant Tukaram:

  • He was the contemporary of Shivaji.
  • He is considered as the greatest Maratha Bhakthi reformer.
  • He made the Vithoba cult popular.
  • He composed devotional songs on Vithalswamy called as Abhangs.
  • He preached the message of equality and universal brotherhood.
  • Sant Tukaram and his work are central to the Warkari sect spread across Maharashtra.
  • Sant Tukaram is credited with starting the Wari pilgrimage.
  • His master was Saint Chaitanya Mahaprabhu of the Bhakti movement.

 

Current Affairs

 

Social reforms:

  • Tukaram accepted disciples and devotees without discriminating gender.
  • Tukaram taught that “pride of caste never made any man holy”, “the Vedas and Shastras have said that for the service of God, castes do not matter”, “castes do not matter, it is God’s name that matters”.

 

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. About Sant Tukaram.
  2. Important Literary Works.
  3. About Bhakti Movement.

Mains Link:

Discuss the significance of Bhakti Movement.

 

Q. 1) Consider the following statements:

  1. Sant Tukaram was the contemporary of Shivaji.
  2. He made the Vithoba cult popular.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only.
  2. 2 only.
  3. Both.
  4. None.

Sources: Indian Express.

National e-Vidhan Application (NeVA) Project:

GS Paper 2:

Syllabus: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

 

Context:

A delegation of MLAs from Gujarat recently visited the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly, to learn about the novel e-Vidhan system for paperless proceedings that has been recently adopted by the UP state assembly.

 

 

What is e-Vidhan?

  • It is a Mission Mode Project (MMP) under the Digital India Programme.
  • The Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs (MoPA) is the ‘Nodal Ministry’ for its implementation in all the 31 States/UTs with Legislatures.
  • The funding for e-Vidhan is provided by the MoPA and technical support by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MietY).
  • The funding of NeVA is through Central Sponsored Schemee. 60:40; and 90:10 for North East & hilly States and 100% for UTs.

 

Aim of the project: To bring all the legislatures of the country together, in one platform thereby creating a massive data depository without having the complexity of multiple applications.

 

Key features:

  • Paperless Assembly or e-Assembly is a concept involving electronic means to facilitate the work of Assembly.
  • It enables automation of entire law making process, tracking of decisions and documents, sharing of information.
  • Through the cloud technology (Meghraj), data deployed can be accessed anywhere at any time.
  • Himachal Pradesh is already the first Digital Legislature of the country.

 

State Government’s Role in the implementation of e-Vidhan:

  • The State Government will appoint a Secretary level officer to be designated as the nodal officer/representative for e-Vidhan implementation in the State Legislature(s).
  • State Government will bear the funds required for running of e-Vidhan MMP after 3 years.
  • The State Government will ensure capacity building for the effective implementation of e-Vidhan MMP module.
  • The State Government/Legislature will undertake maintenance and replacement of ICT equipment after 3 years.

 

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. National e-Vidhan Project.
  2. What is Meghraj?
  3. What is cloud computing?

Mains Link:

Discuss the significance of the National e-Vidhan Project.

 

Q. 2) Consider the following statements:

  1. In December 2021, the Government of Dubai became the world’s first government to go 100 percent paperless.
  2. The National e-Vidhan Project is a Mission Mode Project (MMP) under the Digital India Programme.

Which of the above Statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only.
  2. 2 only.
  3. Both.
  4. None.

Sources: Indian Express.

Draft anti-trafficking Bill:

GS Paper 2:

Syllabus: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

 

Context:

Activists from different part of the country are planning to travel to the national capital and press for the passage of the Trafficking in Persons (Prevention, Care and Rehabilitation) Bill, 2021.

 

Highlights of the Bill:

  1. The bill proposes stringent punishments for offenders, including hefty fines and seizing of their properties.
  2. The Bill also extends beyond the protection of women and children as victims to now include transgenders as well as any person who may be a victim of trafficking.
  3. The draft also does away with the provision that a victim necessarily needs to be transported from one place to another to be defined as a victim.
  4. Exploitation has been defined to include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation including pornography, any act of physical exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or forced removal of organs etc.

 

Applicability- The law will extend to:

  1. All citizens inside as well as outside India.
  2. Persons on any ship or aircraft registered in India wherever it may be or carrying Indian citizens wherever they may be.
  3. A foreign national or a stateless person who has his or her residence in India at the time of commission of offence under this Act.
  4. Every offence of trafficking in persons with cross-border implications.
  5. Defence personnel and government servants, doctors and paramedical staff or anyone in a position of authority.

 

What are the constitutional & legislative provisions related to Trafficking in India?

  1. Trafficking in Human Beings or Persons is prohibited under the Constitution of India under Article 23 (1).
  2. The Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, 1956 (ITPA) is the premier legislation for prevention of trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation.
  3. Criminal Law (amendment) Act 2013 has come into force wherein Section 370 of the Indian Penal Code has been substituted with Section 370 and 370A IPC which provide for comprehensive measures to counter the menace of human trafficking.

 

Current Affairs

 

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. Section 370 and 370A of the IPC are related to?
  2. Article 23(1) of the constitution.
  3. Blue Heart campaign of the UN is related to?
  4. Who are first responders?
  5. About World Day Against Trafficking in Persons.

Mains Link:

What are the constitutional & legislative provisions related to Trafficking in India? Discuss.

 

Q. 3) Consider the following statements:

  1. Criminal Law (amendment) Act 2013 has substituted Section 370 of the Indian Penal Code with Section 370 and 370A IPC.
  2. 370A IPC provides for comprehensive measures to counter the menace of human trafficking.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only.
  2. 2 only.
  3. Both.
  4. None.

Sources: the Hindu.

Child Labour Day:

GS Paper 2:

Syllabus: Protection of the vulnerable sections of the society.

 

Context:

The United Nations observes June 12 each year as the ‘World Day Against Child Labour’ to bring attention to the evil practices of child labour across the world.

  • The International Labour Organisation launched this day in 2002 to tackle this global issue against child labour.

 

Theme: “Universal Social Protection to End Child Labour”.

 

UN report on Child Labour:

  • 160 million children are still engaged in child labour – some as young as five.
  • At the beginning of 2020, one in ten children aged five and over were involved in child labour worldwide.
  • The number of children in child labour declined by 85.5 million between 2000 and 2020 i.e from 16% to 9.6%.
  • At the global level, national expenditure on social protection for children amounts to only 1.1% of GDP.
  • Africa is the region with the largest share of children in the population.

 

ILO Conventions on the issue:

The ILO Convention No. 182, which deals with the worst forms of child labour as well as ILO Convention No. 138, that deals with the minimum age for employment, are the two main global conventions on the issue.

 

Indian Constitution provisions in this regard:

Article 21(A) and Article 45 – The child has the right to Education i.e. the state shall provide compulsory and free education to the children of the age six to 14 years.

Article 24 – There is a provision under which a child below the age of 14 years cannot be employed in any mine, factory or hazardous workplace.

Article 39(f) – The child’s youth and childhood are to be protected against moral and material abandonment and exploitation.

 

Current Affairs

 

Government measures undertaken to eradicate child labour in India:

Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act(1986) to prohibit the engagement of children in certain employments and to regulate the conditions of work of children in certain other employments.

Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Act, 2016: The Amendment Act completely prohibits the employment of children below 14 years.

National Policy on Child Labour (1987), with a focus more on rehabilitation of children working in hazardous occupations and processes, rather than on prevention.

Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act2000 and amendment of the JJ Act in 2006: includes the working child in the category of children in need of care and protection, without any limitation of age or type of occupation.

Pencil: The government has launched a dedicated platform viz. pencil.gov.in to ensure effective enforcement of child labour laws and end child labour.

The Right to Education Act 2009 has made it mandatory for the state to ensure that all children aged six to 14 years are in school and receive free education.

 

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. Child Labour Day.
  2. Pencil platform.
  3. Right to Education Act.

Mains Link:

Discuss the need for and significance of the National Policy on Child Labour.

 

Q. 4) Consider the following statements:

  1. Article 24 – There is a provision under which a child below the age of 14 years cannot be employed in any mine, factory or hazardous workplace.
  2. Article 39(f) – The child’s youth and childhood are to be protected against moral and material abandonment and exploitation.

Which of the above statements is/are correctly matched?

  1. 1 only.
  2. 2 only.
  3. Both.
  4. None.

Sources: the Hindu.

FATF:

GS Paper 2:

Syllabus: Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.

 

Context:

Pakistan is hoping for some reprieve as the international watchdog Financial Action Task Force (FATF) will begin meetings in Berlin ahead of its plenary session.

 

Background:

Pakistan was put on the grey list by the Paris-based FATF in June 2018, and the country has been struggling to come out of it.

  • It has now completed 26 of the 27 action items given to it in 2018.

 

About FATF:

  1. The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is an inter-governmental body established in 1989 on the initiative of the G7.
  2. It is a “policy-making body” which works to generate the necessary political will to bring about national legislative and regulatory reforms in various areas.
  3. The FATF Secretariat is housed at the OECD headquarters in Paris.

 

Roles and functions:

  • Initially it was established to examine and develop measures to combat money laundering.
  • In October 2001, the FATF expanded its mandate to incorporate efforts to combat terrorist financing, in addition to money laundering.
  • In April 2012, it added efforts to counter the financing of proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.

 

Composition:

The FATF currently comprises 37 member jurisdictions and 2 regional organisations, representing most major financial centres in all parts of the globe. It also has observers and associate members.

 

What is a blacklist and grey list?

Black List: Countries known as Non-Cooperative Countries or Territories (NCCTs) are put in the blacklist. These countries support terror funding and money laundering activities. The FATF revises the blacklist regularly, adding or deleting entries.

Grey List: Countries that are considered safe haven for supporting terror funding and money laundering are put in the FATF grey list. This inclusion serves as a warning to the country that it may enter the blacklist.

 

Considered in the grey list may face:

  1. Economic sanctions from IMF, World Bank, ADB.
  2. Problem in getting loans from IMF, World Bank, ADB and other countries.
  3. Reduction in international trade.
  4. International boycott.

 

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. G7 vs G8 vs G20.
  2. Black vs Grey list.
  3. Are FATF’s decisions binding on member countries?
  4. Who heads the FATF?
  5. Where is its secretariat?

Mains Link:

What is the mandate and objectives of the Financial Action Task Force? Discuss.

Sources: the Hindu.

Facts for Prelims:

 

Paralitherizinosaurus japonicus:

  • It is a bipedal dinosaur.
  • A new study has revealed that it roamed around the shores of Asia between 66 million and 145 million years ago (Cretaceous period).
  • It was identified from the fossilised remains unearthed on Hokkaido, the northern island of Japan. The fossil is the first to be found in Asia in marine sediments.
  • The dinosaur belonged to a group known as Therizinosaurs – bipedal and primarily herbivorous three-toed dinosaurs.
  • The most remarkable aspect of this species is that it had sword-like claws.

 

 

Chelonoidis phantasticus:

  • Chelonoidis phantasticus is a giant tortoise species believed to be extinct for more than a century.
  • Now, a surviving member has been found in Fernandina Island (Galápagos Islands, Ecuador).
  • Commonly called the Fernandina Island Galápagos giant tortoise, the species was so far known only from a single individual, collected in 1906.

 

Current Affairs

 

Ramsay Hunt Syndrome:

Ramsay Hunt Syndrome – a viral disease has temporarily paralysed one side of Pop sensation Justin Bieber’s face.

  • Ramsay Hunt Syndrome is neurological disease in which a virus – Varicella Zoster – causes inflammation of the nerves involved in facial movements.
  • The Varicella Zoster Virus (VZV) is the same virus that causes chickenpox and shingles.
  • When the nerves get inflamed, they lose their ability to function, leading to temporary facial palsy or paralysis.
  • The symptoms include painful, red rash and blisters in and around the ear, and facial paralysis on the same side.
  • It is treated using anti-viral drugs, steroids and physiotherapy.

 

Current Affairs

 

Regional English Language Office (RELO):

Recently, a workshop was organised for English teachers under the supervision of the Regional English Language Office (RELO), Washington DC.

RELO is a wing of the US Embassy in India that was established in 2005 as a part of its Public Diplomacy Section.

  • Aim: To strengthen India-US ties by supporting English learning.
  • Headquartered at the US Embassy office in New Delhi.
  • RELO’s mission is to “support the effective teaching and learning of English in Afghanistan, Bhutan and India, while enhancing mutual understanding between the US and these countries”.
  • RELO collaborates with state government and educational institutions to support them in teacher training, curriculum development and other English language training projects.

 

NH53:

State-owned NHAI has created a Guinness World Record for the longest continuously laid bituminous lane of 75 kilometres in 105 hours and 33 minutes on the national highway between Amravati and Akola districts in Maharashtra.

  • This is an important corridor which connects major cities like Kolkata, Raipur, Nagpur and Surat.

 

CiSS application:

The National Commission for the Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) has launched a “CiSS application” under the Baal Swaraj portal to help in the rehabilitation process of Children in Street Situations (CiSS).

  • The CiSS application is used for receiving data of children in street situations from all the states and union territories, tracking their rescue and rehabilitation process. The initiative is taken under the direction of the Supreme Court of India.
  • Baal Swaraj is a portal launched by NCPCR for online tracking and digital real-time monitoring mechanism of children in need of care and protection.

 

 

Indian National Space Promotion and Authorisation Centre (IN-SPACe):

Headquarters of the Indian National Space Promotion and Authorisation Centre (IN-SPACe) was inaugurated at Bopal, Ahmedabad.

  • The establishment of IN-SPACe was announced in June 2020.
  • It is an autonomous and single window nodal agency in the Department of Space.
  • It was established for the promotion, encouragement and regulation of space activities of both government and private entities.
  • It also facilitates the usage of ISRO facilities by private entities.

 

Answers to Questions asked Yesterday:

 

Q.1) B.

Q.2) C.

Q.3) D.

Q.4) D.

Q.5) C.


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