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Evaluate India’s response to the climate change crisis. Has India has prioritised economic growth over environmental sustainability?

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

6. Evaluate India’s response to the climate change crisis. Has India has prioritised economic growth over environmental sustainability? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Financial Express

Why the question:

The latest Environmental Performance Index (EPI), brought out by Yale University and Columbia University, has sought to paint India as a climate villain. India is now ranked last in a list of 180 countries compared to 168th in 2020, having prioritised, per the report, “economic growth over environmental sustainability”.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about India’s response to climate crisis and to form an opinion on the nature of response.

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining climate change.

Body:

Write about the various impacts of climate change on various regions – water cycle, rainfall patterns, Coastal areas, extreme sea level events, melting of glaciers and ice sheets, Changes to the ocean, marine heatwaves, ocean acidification, and reduced oxygen levels etc. Cite statistic to substantiate your points.

Next, write about the steps taken by India to combat climate change. Evaluate its successes and limitations.

Next, write about the how India is trying to balance economic growth as well as environmental sustainability.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a balanced opinion.