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Critically examine the performance of Jal Jeevan Mission in providing access to safe and adequate drinking water.

Topic: Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure,

4. Critically examine the performance of Jal Jeevan Mission in providing access to safe and adequate drinking water. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

Water contamination deaths are a major concern even as the Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) is underway across India from August 2019. Three people died in Raichur in North Karnataka of water contamination over the past week and at least 70 took ill.

Key Demand of the question:

To critically examine the performance of Jal Jeevan Mission.

Directive word: 

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about the aims and objectives of Jal Jeevan Mission.

Body:

First, write about the various achievements of Jal Jeevan Mission. Substantiate with facts and figures.

Next, write about the various shortcomings of Jal Jeevan Mission in ensuring availability of safe drinking water.

Next, suggest ways to overcome the limitations.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.