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Yamuna river pollution:

GS Paper 3:

Syllabus: Conservation related issues.

 

Context:

River activists have demanded prompt measures to save the Yamuna river.

 

Demands by activists:

  1. Construct the Rubber check dam downstream of the Taj Mahal.
  2. Revisit the 1994 Yamuna water distribution agreement to ensure a larger share of Yamuna water for Agra and Mathura.
  3. Frame a comprehensive national rivers policy.
  4. Constitute a central rivers authority for management of all big rivers in the country.

 

Why is Yamuna so polluted?

  1. The sewage treatment plants of Delhi are major contributors of the Pollutants being discharged in the river.
  2. Pollutants discharge from different types of industry is also a major issue.
  3. Agriculture activities along the banks of the river in Delhi contributes to river pollution.
  4. Agricultural waste and pesticide discharge from the Haryana field also contributes to the pollution.
  5. The low volume of water flow in the river causes the pollutants to accumulate and raise the pollution level.

 

About Yamuna River:

  • The river Yamuna is a major tributary of river Ganges.
  • Originates from the Yamunotri glacier near Bandarpoonch peaks in the Mussoorie range of the lower Himalayas in Uttarkashi district of Uttarakhand.
  • It meets the Ganges at the Sangam in Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh after flowing through Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana and Delhi.
  • Tributaries: Chambal, Sindh, Betwa and Ken.

 

Insta Curious:

Did you know that the right to clean the environment, and further, pollution-free water, has been protected under the broad rubric of the right to life?

 

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. Yamuna and its tributaries.
  2. Riparian states.
  3. Pollutants and their sources.

Mains Link:

Discuss about the efforts by the Government to prevent river pollution in India.

 

Q. 5) Consider the following statements:

  1. River Yamuna originates near Bandarpoonch peaks.
  2. It meets the Ganges at the Sangam in Prayagraj.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only.
  2. 2 only.
  3. Both.
  4. None.

Sources: Indian Express