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The importance of public health has been known for decades with every expert committee underscoring it. However, the process of reform to create a public health-centred primary healthcare system has been lackadaisical. Can universal right to health be a panacea for this? Critically examine.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources

5. The importance of public health has been known for decades with every expert committee underscoring it. However, the process of reform to create a public health-centred primary healthcare system has been lackadaisical. Can universal right to health be a panacea for this? Critically examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

It is time our political systems listen to people and take care of their everyday needs, instead of going for easy options like privatisation, commodification and medicalisation of healthcare.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the need to implement Health as a Right in India and its feasibility.

Directive word:

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving a brief about health care in India and cite statistics to substantiate.

Body:

First, write about the various issues plaguing the health care system in India.

Next, mention the need for Right to Health that would promote the health of various weaker sections of the society and also boost economic development. Further link the benefits of better healthcare systems to that of various existing schemes like Ayushman Bharath.

Next, bring out the impediments to declare health care a Fundamental Right.

Conclusion:

Conclude by highlighting that Right to Health is only a detailed interpretation of Right to life that is already a constitutional right.