Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[MISSION 2022] Insights SECURE 2022 : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 9 June 2022

 

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

MISSION – 2022: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

Join IPM 4.0 to get an assured review of 2 secure answers everyday

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

1. What were the causes behind the Surat Split? Examine its short- and long-term impact on the national movement. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Chapter 11 – India’s Struggle for Independence by Bipin Chandra.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To discuss and contrast the ideologies and methods of Moderates and Extremists which ultimately resulted in the Surat Split.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

Write about the factors that led to the split -Bring out the shortcomings of liberal moderates and their disconnect with the masses and the rise of extremists to fill this gap. Contrast the ideas of Extremists vis-à-vis the Moderates such as use of methods of appeals as against the radical moves, belief in masses, use of press with a strong language against the British by Tilak, personalities such as Aurobindo promoting superiority of our own civilisation etc.

Next, write about the short-term impact of the split.

Next, write about the long-term impact of the split.

Conclusion:

Mention that although the end was to attain Swaraj, the means to achieve it was different in the eyes of the Moderates and Extremists and that mutual distrust lead to the Surat split.

 

Topic: Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism

2. Do you think that a Uniform Civil Code (UCC) could be a possible solution to end communalism in the Indian society? Critically comment. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Uttarakhand Chief Minister Pushkar Singh Dhami recently set up a committee to prepare a draft Uniform Civil Code (UCC) for the State.

Key Demand of the question:

To critically write about the ability of UCC to address the issue of communalism in the society.

Directive word: 

Critically comment – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘comment’ is prefixed, we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining Uniform Civil Code (UCC) and its objectives.

Body:

Bring out the shortcomings of the present personal laws and how these add to communalism in the society.

Next, discuss in detail role a finely balanced UCC could play the development of the country – uniformity of laws, achieving equality, simplification of law, progressive measure etc.

Next, discuss in detail the arguments against the UCC in India which might affect development adversely – Lack of consensus, against cultural diversity, right of minorities, tribal customs etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by giving a balanced opinion regarding the UCC.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

3. The Speaker has to remain neutral and act independently of political morality and pressure. How can we guarantee the Speaker’s impartiality? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of having non-partisan speaker and suggest steps to ensure his/her neutrality.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Mention the role of speaker as envisaged by the constitution – their roles and responsibility.

Body:

Write about how over the recent year’s speakers have acted in political manner with respect to discharge of their constitutional duties. Cite examples from the parliament and state legislatures and bring out the impact of partisan conduct of speakers.

Suggest reforms to ensure the speaker remains independent, impartial and performs his duty according to ideals guided by the constitution and not any political affiliations.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Role of civil services in a democracy.

4. The rising spate of ‘encounter’ culture for the disbursal instant justice, is a serious contravention to the rule of law and calls for immediate police reforms to put an end to this practice. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

A recent report submitted by the commission of inquiry headed by a former Supreme Court of India judge, Justice V.S. Sirpurkar, indicting the police in Hyderabad for the fake encounter, in 2019, on the outskirts of Hyderabad near Shamshabad, should serve as an eye-opener to senior police officials who by-pass the law and due processes and eliminate suspects with impunity.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about rising encounters in India, its impact and reforms needed against it.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

In the first part of the body, mentioning role of police in maintaining law and order in the country.

Next, write about the impact of rising encounters as a mode for instant justice. Mention systemic factors, attitudinal factors, and political factors etc which are responsible for this.

Next, suggest measures to have an efficient, empathetic, sensitive, responsive and an accountable police force. Include recommendations of various committees.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward

 

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources

5. The importance of public health has been known for decades with every expert committee underscoring it. However, the process of reform to create a public health-centred primary healthcare system has been lackadaisical. Can universal right to health be a panacea for this? Critically examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

It is time our political systems listen to people and take care of their everyday needs, instead of going for easy options like privatisation, commodification and medicalisation of healthcare.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the need to implement Health as a Right in India and its feasibility.

Directive word:

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving a brief about health care in India and cite statistics to substantiate.

Body:

First, write about the various issues plaguing the health care system in India.

Next, mention the need for Right to Health that would promote the health of various weaker sections of the society and also boost economic development. Further link the benefits of better healthcare systems to that of various existing schemes like Ayushman Bharath.

Next, bring out the impediments to declare health care a Fundamental Right.

Conclusion:

Conclude by highlighting that Right to Health is only a detailed interpretation of Right to life that is already a constitutional right. 

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

6. What is stagflation? What are the factors that lead stagflation? How can the Indian economy avoid it amidst rising inflationary pressures? Discuss.

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live MintThe Hindu

Why the question:

Three monetary policy statements in as many months. And the first quarter of the current financial year is not yet over. This sort of exemplifies the fraught times we live on. But the latest statement released by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on Wednesday is markedly different from its preceding two documents. It includes for the first time the dreaded “S” word: stagflation.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about stagflation, factors that lead to it and measures needed to avoid it.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining stagflation.

Body:

First, write about the factors that can lead stagflation in the economy and the impact of the stagflation.

Next, write about the measures that are needed to ensure India does not witness stagflation.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance;

7. India should take the approach of treating drug addiction as moral and a medical hazard rather than a criminal challenge. Analyse. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by Lexicon Publications.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Abstract Thursdays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about taking an empathetic approach towards helping drug addicts recover from drug addiction.

Directive:

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by stating that concept of retribution and deterrence approach to counter drug menace has not been fruitful and has only led to the drug networks remaining underground.

Body:

First mention that the harsh approach has created a lot of stigma and lack of intent to approach medical institutions people addicted to drugs. Many a times being unaware and unguided, leads to overdoses and death.

Next, state the need for a humane and persuasive approach to deaddiction on lines of Portugal model. This would lead to a number of people voluntarily accessing the public health care facilities for drug related concerns.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating that human rights and public health must be centre of the discourse rather than punishing the victims of drug addiction.


Join our Official Telegram Channel HERE for Motivation and Fast Updates

Subscribe to our YouTube Channel HERE to watch Motivational and New

Join our Twitter Channel HERE