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Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG):

GS Paper 2:

Syllabus: Important International Institutions.

 

Context:

External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar recently said that India looks forward to join the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) by overcoming political impediments.

 

About NSG:

The 48-member NSG is an elite club of countries that deals with the trade-in nuclear technology and fissile materials besides contributing to the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons.

  • Brought in 1974– in response to the Indian nuclear test (smiling Buddha).
  • It is a Group of nuclear supplier countries that seek to prevent nuclear proliferation by controlling the export of materials, equipment and technology that can be used to manufacture nuclear weapons.
  • The NSG first met in November 1975 in London, and is thus popularly referred to as the “London Club”.
  • Its guidelines are not binding.

 

Benefits associated with NSG membership- Once admitted, an NSG member state gets:

  1. Timely information on nuclear matters.
  2. Contributes by way of information.
  3. Has confirmed credentials.
  4. Can act as an instrument of harmonization and coordination.
  5. Is part of a very transparent process.

 

Opposition of NSG membership bid:

China, one of the five nuclear-weapon states, stridently opposes India’s NSG bid primarily on the grounds that New Delhi is not a signatory to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).

  • Its opposition has made India’s entry into the group difficult as the NSG works on the principle of consensus.

Besides, India’s capacity to project its military power beyond the Indian Ocean region is still to be tested. Further, India heavily relies on weaponry imports from US and Russia for its military requirements.

 

Insta Curious:

Did you know that there are certain Criteria for membership of NSG? Reference: read this.

 

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. About NSG.
  2. Composition.
  3. Functions.

Mains Link:

Discuss the need for reforms in NSG.

 

Q. 4) India is a part of:

  1. MTCR (Missile Technology Control Regime).
  2. Australia Group.
  3. The Wassenaar Arrangement.

Choose the correct answer using the codes given below:

  1. 1 only.
  2. 2 and 3 only.
  3. 1 and 2 only.
  4. All of the above.

Sources: the Hindu.