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[MISSION 2022] SECURE 2022 : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 8 June 2022

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1. The Chola period witnessed remarkable development in sculptures and bronze works with a special emphasis on Hindu iconography. They portray a classic grace, grandeur and taste. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

Ten antiquities (sculptures) retrieved from Australia and the United States were handed over to the Government of Tamil Nadu in Delhi last week.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the developments in sculpture during the Chola period.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context about the grandeur of the Chola art and architecture.

Body:

First, write about the Chola sculptures – salient and important features, marked changes which were started during this period and emphasis on Hindu iconography. Substantiate with examples.

Next, write about the overall nature of the sculptures which portray a classic grace, grandeur and taste.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

2. For India to transform into a deeply participatory democracy, India needs a strong Pre-Legislative Consultative Policy which strengthens the legitimacy and credibility of the legislative action and facilitates accountability. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

In 2014, India’s ministry of law and justice issued a policy on pre-legislative consultation. Most legislative proposals in India do follow this practice, making it a point to set aside time for public comments. However, the consultation itself is no more than a formality today.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of a strong Pre-Legislative Consultative Policy for India’s democracy.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning about the aims of Pre legislative consultative policy.

Body:

First, write about the process involved in Pre legislative consultative policy as proposed in 2014.

Next, write about the importance of the policy in enhancing transparency and building consensus on contention issues, rectifying any overlooks etc. Substantiate with examples.

Next, write about the bottlenecks in implementation of the policy.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Role of civil services in a democracy.

3. The civil services ecosystem of the country must move towards a setup which rewards performance, has enhanced accountability and with a check on abuse of powers by civil servants. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

Recently, two babus of the elite IAS were the subject of widespread public derision when an investigation by this newspaper revealed that one of them had ordered that a government stadium in the national capital be emptied in order to walk their pet dog.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about civil services reforms which are needed in the country.

Directive word:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of civil services of the country and their role in India’s administrations.

Body:

First, write about the various in the civil services ecosystem of the country.

Next, write about the reforms which are needed in the present times – rewarding good per romancing, improved accountability mechanisms and preventing abuse of power.

Next, cite suggestions of various committees in this regard.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:   Investment models.

4. Infrastructure is critically linked to growth and economic performance. Critically analyse the role of National Monetisation Pipeline (NMP) as a pioneering initiative of value creation in Infrastructure. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3.

Directive word: 

Critically analyze

When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about National Monetisation Pipeline (NMP) its aims and objectives.

Body:

In the first part, write about the various features of National Monetisation Pipeline (NMP).

Next, write about the potential benefits that the government will accrue from the NMP – revenue, improve on efficiency of use of assets, addition of gross savings in the economy etc.

Write about the potential challenges to the newly proposed NMP.  Lack of identifiable revenues streams in various assets, absence of dispute resolution mechanism etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

5. As the human activities increased and development took place on a large scale, the wildlife and the ecosystems were affected by it. Analyse. Do you think that environmental objectives should be secondary to developmental objectives?  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

A special enclosure for cheetahs has been readied at the Kuno-Palpur National Park in Madhya Pradesh and would soon be home to at least six cheetahs from South Africa by August

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the threats faced by the wildlife and ecosystems due to development and need to balance both.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning the contradiction between development and ecological conservation.

Body:

First, write about the threats to wildlife sand ecosystems from the developmental activities – Road/Railway lines inside protected areas, Uncontrolled passage of heavy vehicles during night-time, Man-animal conflicts, Threat from invasive species

Next, write about balancing both developmental as well environmental objectives. Give reasons for the same.

Next, discuss the potential solutions to issues.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: issues relating to intellectual property rights.

6. What are the different types of Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs)?  Examine the various issues in administration of IPRs in India and suggest reforms to have a thriving IPR regime in the country. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

The Supreme Court of India has passed a far-reaching judgment resolving the question of whether copyright infringement, which is punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend up to three years under the Copyright Act of 1957, is a cognisable offence under the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC), 1973.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the types of IPRs, issues in its administrations and steps to resolve them.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start with the definition of IPR and its objectives.

Body:

First, write about the different types of IPRs.

Next, write about the various issues in IPRs administration – Patent Ever greening Prevention, Subsidies & IPR Issues, The Product Patents Process, Protecting traditional knowledge, Compulsory Licensing & Drug Price Control Order etc.

Next, write about the reforms that are needed.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

7. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“Each person is to have an equal right to the most extensive basic liberty compatible with a similar liberty for others.” ― John Rawls

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Write about importance of liberty and equal liberties for everyone. Give instances across the world where liberty has been curtailed across the world, its impact and talk about the need for their liberation.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.


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