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eVTOL

GS Paper 3:

Syllabus: Science and Technology- Developments and their Applications and Effects in Everyday Life.

 

Context:

 

The Union Civil Aviation Minister, recently said that the Government of India is exploring the possibility of inviting manufacturers of Electric Vertical Take off and Landing (eVTOL) aircraft to set up base in India.

 

What is eVTOL?

  • As the acronym suggests, an electric vertical take-off and landing (eVTOL) aircraft is one that uses electric power to hover, take off, and land vertically.
  • Most eVTOLs also use what is called as distributed electric propulsion technology which means integrating a complex propulsion system with the airframe.
  • This is a technology that has grown on account of successes in electric propulsion based on progress in motor, battery, fuel cell, and electronic controller technologies and also fuelled by the need for new vehicle technology that ensures urban air mobility (UAM).

 

Current Affairs

 

Challenges associated

  • As the technology so far is a mix of unpiloted and piloted aircraft, the areas in focus include “crash prevention systems”.
  • There are also issues such as ensuring safety in case of powerplant or rotor failure.
  • Aircraft protection from cyberattacks is another area of focus.

 

More on eVTOL

  • The global market for eVTOLs was put at $8.5 million in 2021 and is to grow to $30.8 million by 2030.
  • The demand will be on account of green energy and noise-free aircraft, cargo carrying concepts, and the need for new modes of transport.
  • Also, the Government of India is exploring the possibility of inviting manufacturers of Electric Vertical Take-off and Landing (eVTOL) aircraft to set up base in India.

 

Instalinks

Prelims Link

  1. What is eVTOL?
  2. Developments that are enabling eVTOL

Mains Link

The challenges associated with eVTOL, need to be addressed before they become new vehicles of Urban Air Mobility. Comment.

 

Q 3 Which of the statements regarding eVTOL are correct?

  1. eVTOL needs a runway to perform its operations
  2. They possess the potential to reduce emissions, in Urban Mobility

 

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. None of the Above

Source: The Hindu