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[MISSION 2022] SECURE 2022 : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 3 June 2022

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues;

1. Compare and contrast the Permanent Settlement and Mahalwari Settlement, introduced by the British. What were the impact of the new forms of revenue settlements introduced by the British? (250 words)

Difficulty: Easy

Reference: A Brief History of Modern India by Spectrum Publishers

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To bring out the major differences between Permanent settlement and Mahalwari settlement and to write about the overall impact of Permanent, Ryotwari and Mahawlari settlement on Indian agriculture.

Directive:

Compare and contrast – provide for a detailed comparison of the two types, their features that are similar as well as different. One must provide for detailed assessment of the two.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by briefly writing about the nature of the two settlements.

Body:

In detail, bring out the differences between both the settlement systems – context of introduction, areas of introduction, fixation of Land revenue, collection of revenue and revision of land revenue etc.

Next, write about the overall impact these Land Revenue systems on Indian agriculture – Commercialization of Agriculture, Fragmentation of Lands, Absentee Landlordism, indebtedness of peasants and depressing effect upon the rural economy etc.

Conclusion:

Write about how these impacts led to mobilization of peasants and over a period of time, the peasant issues became a part of mainstream national movement.

 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

2. The quest improve tourism through better connectivity and improved infrastructure should not affect the integrity and safety of heritage monuments. Examine the role of heritage impact assessment in overcoming the above dichotomy. (250 words)

Difficulty: Tough

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

On Thursday, the Supreme Court reserved its orders on petitions against excavation and construction work by the Odisha government along the Puri Jagannath temple as part of the Puri Heritage Corridor Project.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the dichotomy about promoting tourism and monument preservation and the role of heritage impact assessment in the above.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In brief, write about the dichotomy between about promoting tourism and monument preservation.

Body:

In first part, write about how both are importance from heritage and economy and livelihood point of view.

In the next part, write about how heritage impact assessment can play a role in overcoming the above dichotomy.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

3. Many companies think that corporate social responsibility (CSR) is a peripheral issue for their business and customer satisfaction is more important for them. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty: Moderate

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

After having lobbied policymakers for years since 2014 on how they could deploy corporate social responsibility (CSR) funds, Indian companies ran into some essential amendments made in 2021.

Key Demand of the question:

To wrote about the issues with CSR and steps needed to make it more effective.

Directive:

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by defining CSR and its evolution in India.

Body:

First, write about the various aims and objectives behind CSR in India.

In the next part, write about the various issues in CSR – lack of community participation in CSR activities, need to build local capacities, issues of transparency and non-availability of clear CSR guidelines.

Next, write about the various measures that are needed to make CSR more effective.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: India and its neighbourhood- relations.

4. Myanmar is the lynchpin of India’s Act East Policy. India should focus on building supportive international environment, so that the Myanmar could be encouraged to follow the democratic road map. However, other measures of reaching out to east must also be explored. Critically examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

Even a cursory look at the situation in Myanmar, post the February 1, 2021, military takeover, conjures up a picture of a country that is spiralling downwards. There are reliable reports of the strengthening of the People’s Defence Force, with the support of various ethnic militias. There is no sign of the restoration of normalcy as witnessed by one of the authors during a recent tour of the India-Myanmar border.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of Myanmar to India’s act east policy and steps needed put Myanmar back on a democratic path.

Directive word: 

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin giving context regarding Indo-Myanmar relations.

Body:

In the first part, mention about the importance of Myanmar to India’s Act East Policy.

Next, write the various options to ensure the return of democracy in Myanmar. Using U.N and ASEAN, Bilateral diplomacy etc.

Next, write about the other measures of outreach that must be explored by India for a successful Act east policy.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: issues of buffer stocks and food security;

5. Agriculture is extremely vulnerable to climate change. The accelerating pace of climate change, combined with global population and income growth, threatens food security everywhere. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the impact of climate change on Indian agriculture and suggest steps to adapt to it.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the answer by context.

Body:

Mention the way in which climate change in impacting agriculture. Reduced yields, encouraging weed and pest proliferation. Changes in precipitation patterns, crop failures and long-run production declines etc. Cite statistics to substantiate your points.

Write about the measures that are needed to mitigate its impact.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

6. Military exercises establish India’s military capabilities and is also a great way of securing allies, which will help in times of need. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Week

Why the question:

Days after the Quad meeting in Tokyo, India has decided to participate in the world’s biggest maritime exercise ‘Rim of the Pacific’ or RIMPAC, hosted by the US. Leaders of India, Japan, Austalia and the US met last month to keep China on check as the Chinese military is expanding its footprints in the Indo-pacific region.

Key Demand of the question: 

To understand the role of military exercises.

Directive word:

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Introduction: 

Begin by describing India’s geographic location and the corresponding potential and the need for military exercises.

Body:

First give a few instances of few military exercises with friendly nations in the recent past such as Malabar exercise, Yudh Abhyas etc.

Next, stress on the potential outcomes of such exercises such as for Naval exercises, it would improve the operational turnaround and improve logistics of the armed forces in the region and also improve Maritime Domain Awareness.

Next mention that the benefit ranges from inter-operability to demonstration of capabilities, developing trust, comradery and familiarity between militaries.

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning that such exercises are a key to confidence building measure (CBM) and an indication of the faith reposed by India on another nation or a group of member nations.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Case Study

7. You are the S.P of a district. The C.M of your state is against the VIP culture followed by some politicians. He passes orders to do away with VIP culture. Consequently, the DGP issues order to withdraw police security provided to over 100 people in the state. According to the order, police security was a part of VIP culture which was causing drain on resources as well as unnecessary hassle to common man.

There are 5 people in your district from whom security has to be withdrawn within 24 hours of the order. You do a risk assessment of the 5 people. You come to conclusion that 4 out of 5 people do not need security cover. However, there is serious threat to the life of the 5th person, Mr X, if his security cover is withdrawn. Anti-social elements are posing a risk to safety and his life because of past political rivalry. (250 words)

    1. Who are the stake holders in the above case?
    2. What are the dilemmas in front of you?
    3. What will be your course of action?
    4. How can we put an end to VIP culture in India? 

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Case Study Fridays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In brief, mention the facts of the case and the major ethical issues involved along with the stakeholders.

Body:

Write in detail about the course of action that you will take to address the problem.

Next, write about ways in which VIP culture can be ended.

Conclusion:

Stress on the importance of change to end VIP culture.


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