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[MISSION 2022] SECURE 2022 : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 2 June 2022

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

1. Examine the various factors influencing spatial variation of rainfall. How does air pollution impact rainfall patterns in India? (250 words) (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about factors affecting rainfall and impact of air pollution.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving the factors that affect rainfall over an area.

Body:

In the first part write about the factors controlling the distribution of rainfall over the earth’s surface are the belts of converging-ascending air flow (see doldrums; polar front), air temperature, moisture-bearing winds, ocean currents, distance inland from the coast, and mountain ranges.

Next, Explain the change in pattern of rainfall – the erratic behaviour of monsoon rainfall, including the phenomenon of concentrated heavy rainfall on a small number of days, could, at least in part, be attributed to the rising air pollution. Explain that excess aerosols, suspended solid particles like dust, smoke and industrial effluents, in the atmosphere is changing cloud patterns.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward to mitigate the above.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

2. Is it time to revisit the criteria for special category status (SCS) and include others into this exclusive category by excluding those who do not need such assistance any longer? Critically analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about performance of SCS and need to revisit the criteria of SCS.

Directive word: 

Critically analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning the aims and objectives behind the grant of SCS.

Body:

First, mention the various criteria on which SCS is granted to states that face geographical and socio-economic disadvantages. Mention the various benefits associated with it.

Next, analyse the performance of states granted SCS over the years. With facts and examples write as to what extent they befitted from the grant of SCS. Mention the drawbacks of grant of SCS.

Next, write about the changes needed in the SCS categorisation and steps required for the same.

Conclusion:

Conclude by giving a balanced opinion about SCS.

 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3. While gig work has become a necessity for both the workers and the platforms hiring them, regulation of the gig work remains vital to ensure that these classes of workers are given the same opportunities and protections as other employees covered under various labour laws in India. Comment. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Concerned at the lack of job and social security among gig and platform workers, the Centre has decided to train officials of Central and State Governments on the technological change, new forms of employment, working conditions, and the mechanisms to protect labour and social security rights of these workers.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the need to ensure and protect rights of gig workers.

Directive word: 

Comment– here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining gig workers and present a statistic regarding the number of gig workers in the Indian economy.

Body:

In the first talk about the ambiguity in gig economy which results in the exploitation of gig workers – lack of formal employer-employee relationship, remuneration, rigidity of working hours and the working conditions etc.

Next, write about the benefits of regulating the gig economy.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

4. Awarding of death penalty and its sentencing needs a relook in the light of recent supreme court judgement. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The Court’s recent judgment in Manoj and Ors. vs State of MP seeks to address this long ignored yet critical aspect of death penalty sentencing.

Key Demand of the question: 

To write about the reforms needed in awarding and sentencing of capital punishment.

Directive word:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start giving the awarding of capital punishment in ‘rarest of rare’ case.

Body:

First, write about the various developments regarding capital punishment over the years – Bachan Singh vs State of Punjab, context death penalty.

Next, write about the various lacunae in the awarding of death penalty in Indian criminal justice.

Next, suggest reforms based on recent SC judgement and various recommendations of commissions.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

5. As the economy recovers from the impact of the pandemic, a coordinated policy response – fiscal, monetary, trade and industry – will be required for balancing the multiple macroeconomic policy objectives and achieve even growth. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

At 8.7 per cent, the National Statistical Office’s latest estimate for GDP growth in 2021-22, while marginally lower than the 8.95 per cent projected in late February, is quite good given the headwinds the economy faced.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the policy response to ensure even growth in all sectors in post pandemic recovery.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context and cite statistic to substantiate the same.

Body:

First, write in detail about the various issues that led to uneven growth in the post pandemic recovery– inflation, uneven focus, lack of coordination, disproportionate impact of pandemic on various sectors etc.

Next, write about the coordinated policy response that is needed in order to overcome the same. Mention the various components of fiscal, monetary, trade and industry which should be part of the response.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

6. Biomass being a product of natural resources viz. land, water, air and sun’s energy, gives much hope as an alternative, reliable and renewable source of energy. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Down to Earth

Why the question:

Biomass-based electricity is gaining attention of regulators and policy makers, as the country moves towards power generation that is not carbon-intensive. A new technology introduced this year that accommodates all kinds of agricultural residue to be used as fuel can be cost-effective, greener and help reduce the burden of stubble.

Key Demand of the question: 

To write about the importance of biomass energy in India’s energy security and clean energy objectives.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining and mentioning various components of biomass energy.

Body:

First, write about the scenario of biomass energy in India and cite statistics.

Next, write about the advantages offered by biomass energy – Biomass is always and widely available as a renewable source of energy, carbon neutral, reduces the overreliance of fossil fuels and less expensive than fossil fuels etc.

Next, write about the various steps taken to harness biomass energy and suggest measures that are further needed in this regard.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions;

7. With the continuing decline in people’s trust in public authorities, the fight against nepotism and the need to ensure impartial recruitment procedures have never been so important. Discuss. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Abstract Thursdays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by defining nepotism.

Body:

First, mention the various way in nepotism affects public administration – conflict in the work place, low staff morale, loss of competent employees, use of the job to carry out unethical acts etc.

Next, mention how nepotism can be avoided in administration. Cite examples to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.


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