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[MISSION 2022] SECURE 2022 : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 30 May 2022

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

1. The post-Cold War period of relative peace and stability in Europe, anchored in liberal internationalism, was an aberration rather than a norm in the continent’s long history of conflicts. Comment. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

There are similarities between events in Europe today and what happened in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Key Demand of the question:  

To write about the constant conflicts and power struggle witnessed in Europe over the past couple of centuries.

Directive word: 

Comment- here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by giving context.

Body:

First, write about the various conflicts that have been constantly witnessed in Europe – beginning for seven years war, French revolution, Napoleonic wars, Bismarckian wars, World Wars and Cold war.

Next, write about how the end of cold war paved way for liberal internationalism and it was aberration as clouds of imminent conflicts were always present.

Conclusion:

Conclude by commenting on the nature European conflicts.

 

Topic: Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

2. How does El-Nino impact affect the Indian Monsoon? Analyse the impact of the early arrival of Indian monsoon. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

The southwest monsoon has arrived in Kerala three days before its normal onset date of June 1. As per the India Meteorological Department (IMD) records, this is only the fourth time since 2010 when the monsoon has arrived well ahead of its normal date.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about El-Nino and its impact and the early arrival of Indian monsoon and its impact.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the answer by writing about the cyclical phenomenon El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO).

Body:

In the first part, in detail write about how the El-Nino negatively impacts the monsoon rainfall and bring out its impact.

Next, write about impact of early arrival of Indian monsoon.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing that better information via prediction model can lead to better mitigation of adverse effects.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

3. Examine as to how push towards digitisation has transformed India into a digitally empowered society and knowledge economy while promoting good governance. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate.

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

In eight years, PM Modi has made the country a technology hub, expanded opportunities. There are several reforms and governance initiatives that have successfully steered India to its current strength.

Key Demand of the question: 

To write about the factors that ensured the digital revolution in India in the recent years.

Directive word:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by giving context.

Body:

First, begin by describing various factors that led to digitisation of India – digital India, Sakshar bharat Abhiyan, Improvement in ICT services and infrastructure, Penetration of 4G and prometon of UPI

Next, write about the impact of the above – India has the world’s fastest-growing and most vibrant start-up ecosystem, GST and tax compliance, technology-driven vaccination programme and governance initiatives. Substantiate with facts and examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

4. BRICS faces challenges arising from bilateral differences and diverse political systems. Discuss as to how broad vision of global issues and ideas of shared prosperity can help them achieve collective goals. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Chinese President Xi Jinping delivered a video address at the virtual meeting of BRICS Foreign Ministers. The BRICS Foreign Ministers issued a joint statement. And the first dialogue of Foreign Ministers between BRICS and emerging markets and developing countries was held.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the role of BRICS in current geopolitical scenario and the need to promote more connectivity among members despite global uncertainties.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving aims and objectives of BRICS.

Body:

In the first part, bring out the way in which India choses to engage with BRICS on its own terms despite the global uncertainties.

Next, mention the current limitations of the BRICS bloc and hindrances to achieve its potential. Mention the role of trade and connectivity that can lead to collective economic benefits to the BRICS countries especially in the face of global economic turmoil.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward and diplomatic steps needed to be taken in this regard.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

5. What are the factors that have aided the Unicorn boom in India over the recent past? Discuss the factors that are needed in order to ensure they succeed and become profitable, while contributing to job creation. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

India’s tally of unicorns reached 100, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said on Sunday in his ‘Mann ki Baat’ radio broadcast.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the factors aiding unicorn boom and steps needed to make them successful.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining a Unicorn and give context about the rapid rise of unicorns in India in the recent past.

Body:

First, in brief, give reasons for the unicorn boom in India – thriving digital payments ecosystem, large smartphone user base and digital-first business models, and digitization of commerce etc.

Next, mention, how Unicorns will benefit job creation, growth, technological advancement etc.

Next, write about the steps that are needed to ensure their growth – for proper regulatory mechanism, performance pressure, business revenue improvement etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

6. Deep tech present the next big opportunity for India that can drive growth and deliver sustainable solutions across the country. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Difficult

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the growth of Deep tech in India, its potential and further steps need to realise its potential.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining the deep tech.

Body:

First, write about the various types of deep tech. Give statistics which indicate the rapid growth of deep tech.

Next, write about the potential of deep tech to boost growth in healthcare, education, industrial and manufacturing, and other areas.

Next, write about the policy and investment opportunities that are need for the seamless growth of the sector. to boost growth in healthcare, education, industrial and manufacturing, and other areas

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world to the concepts of morality;

7. Explain Categorical Imperative with examples. Do you think it is practical to follow it? (150 Words)

Difficulty Level: Easy

Reference: plato.stanford.edu

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Philosophical Mondays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To put forth one’s own understanding and views about Kantian Categorical Imperative.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by defining Categorical Imperative of Emmanuel Kant.

Body:

Begin the body by explaining in detail about your understanding of Categorical Imperative with examples. You can use simple but effective examples to put forward your ideas regarding Universal Moral Law etc.

Next, write about the practicality of Kant’s categorical imperative.

Conclusion:

Give a concise summation of your views to conclude the answer.

 


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