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[Mission 2022] INSIGHTS DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB SUMMARY 28 MAY 2022

 

InstaLinks help you think beyond the issue but relevant to the issue from UPSC prelims and Mains exam point of view. These linkages provided in this ‘hint’ format help you frame possible questions in your mind that might arise(or an examiner might imagine) from each current event. InstaLinks also connect every issue to their static or theoretical background. This helps you study a topic holistically and add new dimensions to every current event to help you think analytically

 

Table of Contents:

 

GS Paper 1:

1. Sree Narayana Guru.

 

GS Paper 2:

1. Parliamentary Privileges.

2. Law Commission of India.

3. Collective Security Treaty Organization.

 

GS Paper 3:

1. What are community forest rights?

 

Facts for Prelims:

1. Nechiphu tunnel.

2. Paper import monitoring system.

3. First Movers Coalition.

4. WEF’s Alliance of CEO Climate Action Leaders- India.

5. People’s Biodiversity Register.

6. WEF Travel and Tourism Development Index.

7. International Booker Prize.


Sree Narayana Guru:

GS Paper 1:

Syllabus: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

 

Context:

The Karnataka government is caught in a controversy over the exclusion of text on reformer Narayana Guru in the new social science textbook of class 10.

  • However, references to Narayana Guru were present in the chapter in the earlier version of the text.

 

Who is Narayan Guru?

Sree Narayana Guru was a catalyst and leader who reformed the oppressive caste system that prevailed in society at the time.

  • He was born in 1856 in Chempazhanthy, a village near Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala.
  • Belong to the Ezhava caste, Narayan Guru had experienced discrimination from the upper caste of society.
  • His philosophy always advocated social equality, education for all, and spiritual enlightenment.

 

 

Current Affairs

 

Significant Contribution for Society:

  • He gave the famous slogan One Caste, One Religion, One God for All (Oru Jathi, Oru Matham, Oru Daivam, Manushyanu).
  • In 1888, Narayana Guru consecrated the first temple of Lord Shiva, where an idol was ordinated by a non-brahmin in Aruvippuram village of Kerala.
  • His step sparked off the anti-caste revolution against the upper-caste Brahmin communities.
  • In one temple he consecrated at Kalavancode, he kept mirrors instead of idols. This symbolised his message that the divine was within each individual.
  • In 1903, he established the Sree Narayana Dharma Paripalana Yogam (SNDP) as the founder and president.
  • He had set up more than 40 temples across the state as an act of protest to permit lower caste people to enter temples.

Contribution to National Movement:

  • He was in the forefront of the movement for universal temple entry and against the societal ills like the social discrimination of untouchables.
  • He provided the impetus for Vaikom agitation which was aimed at temple entry in Travancore for the lower castes.
  • He captured the essence of Indianness in his poems which highlighted the unity that lies beneath the world’s apparent diversity.

Philosophy of Sree Narayana Guru:

  • Sree Narayana Guru became one of the greatest proponents and re-evaluators of Advaita Vedanta, the principle of non-duality put forward by Adi Shankara.
  • In 1913, he founded the Advaita Ashram at Aluva. This was an important event in his spiritual quest.
  • This Ashram was dedicated to a great principle – Om Sahodaryam Sarvatra (all men are equal in the eyes of God).

 

Literary Works:

He wrote various books in different languages. Few of them are: Advaitha Deepika, Asrama, Thevarappathinkangal, Brahmavidya Panchakam etc.

 

Relevance of His Philosophy:

Sree Narayana Guru’s philosophy of Universal Oneness has special relevance in the contemporary global context where the social fabric of many countries and communities are being eroded by hatred, violence, bigotry, sectarianism and other divisive tendencies.

 

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. Sree Narayana Guru belonged to which state?
  2. Aravippuram movement is associated with?
  3. Who established Advaita Ashram in Kalady?
  4. Who started Vaikkom Satyagraha? What were the objectives?

Mains Link:

Discuss the role of Sri Narayana Guru in social reforms in India.

 

Q.1) Consider the following statements:

  1. Sree Narayana Guru was a proponent of Advaita Vedanta.
  2. In 1913, he founded the Advaita Ashram at Aluva.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only.
  2. 2 only.
  3. Both.
  4. None.

Sources: the Hindu

Parliamentary Privileges:

GS Paper 2:

Syllabus: Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

 

Context:

The Parliament’s Privileges and Ethics Committee has asked the Maharashtra Chief Secretary, DGP Maharashtra, Mumbai Police Commissioner and Superintendent of Women District Prison, Byculla (Mumbai) to appear before them for oral evidence, in connection with Navneet Rana’s arrest case.

 

Background:

Navneet Kaur Rana, the Amravati MP, filed a complaint against several individuals and alleged that she was illegally arrested and treated inhumanely at a police station in Mumbai during the ‘Matoshree-Hanuman Chalisa row.’

 

What are Parliamentary Privileges?

They are certain rights and immunities enjoyed by members of Parliament, individually and collectively, so that they can “effectively discharge their functions”.

  1. Article 105 of the Constitution expressly mentions two privileges, that is, freedom of speech in Parliament and right of publication of its proceedings.

 

Sources:

  1. The Constitution.
  2. The Code of Civil Procedure, 1908.
  • It provides for freedom from arrest and detention of members under civil process during the continuance of the meeting of the House or of a committee thereof and forty days before its commencement and forty days after its conclusion.

 

Motion against breaches:

When any of these rights and immunities are disregarded, the offence is called a breach of privilege and is punishable under law of Parliament.

  • A notice is moved in the form of a motion by any member of either House against those being held guilty of breach of privilege.

 

Role of the Speaker/Rajya Sabha (RS) Chairperson:

The Speaker/RS chairperson is the first level of scrutiny of a privilege motion.

The Speaker/Chair can decide on the privilege motion himself or herself or refer it to the privileges committee of Parliament.

  • If the Speaker/Chair gives consent under relevant rules, the member concerned is given an opportunity to make a short statement.

 

Insta Curious:

Did you know that the Constitution also extends the parliamentary privileges to those persons who are entitled to speak and take part in the proceedings of a House of Parliament or any of its committees? These include the Attorney General of India.

 

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. Which provisions of the Constitution protect the privileges of the legislature?
  2. What is the procedure to be followed in cases of alleged breach of the legislature’s privilege?
  3. Composition and functions of Privileges Committees in Parliament and State Legislatures.

Mains Link:

What do you understand about legislative privileges? Discuss the problem of legislative privileges as seen in India from time to time.

 

Q.2) Which of the following are the sources of Parliamentary Privileges in India?

  1. The Constitution of India.
  2. The Code of Civil Procedure, 1908.
  3. Indian Penal Code.

Choose the correct answer using the codes given below:

  1. 1 and 3 only.
  2. 1 and 2 only.
  3. 1, 2 and 3.
  4. None of the above.

Sources: Indian Express.

Law Commission of India:

GS Paper 2:

Syllabus: Various statutory and constitutional bodies.

 

Context:

The Law Commission is functioning without a Chairperson.

  • The Commission, constituted for a term of three years, has not released any report after the tenure of the last Chairperson, Justice B.S. Chauhan, ended in August 2018.

 

What’s the issue?

The 22nd Law Commission was constituted by the Government on February 21, 2020. However, no progress has been made in the appointments till date.

 

About the law commission of India:

It is an executive body established by an order of the Government of India.

  • Originally formed in 1955, the commission is reconstituted every three years and so far, 277 reports have been submitted to the government.
  • The last Law Commission, under Justice B.S. Chauhan (retd.), had submitted reports and working papers on key issues such as simultaneous elections to the Lok Sabha and the Assemblies and a uniform civil code.

 

Composition:

  • Apart from having a full-time chairperson, the commission will have four full-time members, including a member-secretary.
  • Law and Legislative Secretaries in the Law Ministry will be the ex-officio members of the commission.
  • It will also have not more than five part-time members.
  • A retired Supreme Court judge or Chief Justice of a High Court will head the Commission.

 

Roles and functions:

  • The Law Commission shall, on a reference made to it by the Central Government or suo motu, undertake research in law and review of existing laws in India for making reforms and enacting new legislation.
  • It shall also undertake studies and research for bringing reforms in the justice delivery systems for elimination of delay in procedures, speedy disposal of cases, reduction in cost of litigation, etc.

 

Reforms needed:

The Law Commission should be brought under a statute with definite terms on appointments, its functions and powers spelt out.

 

Insta Curious:

Did you know that prior to independence, the First Law Commission was established in 1834 by the British Government under the Chairmanship of Lord Macaulay?

 

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. What is a PIL?
  2. What are Parliamentary Privileges?
  3. Powers of Supreme Court vs High Court wrt to PILs.

Mains Link:

What is the doctrine of Separation of Power? Discuss how it is followed under the Indian Constitution.

 

Q.3) Consider the following statements:

  1. The 22nd Law Commission was constituted by the Government in February 2020.
  2. The Law commission of India is an executive body.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only.
  2. 2 only.
  3. Both.
  4. None. 

Sources: the Hindu.

Collective Security Treaty Organisation:

GS Paper 2:

Syllabus: Bilateral, Regional and Global Groupings and agreements involving India.

 

Context:

The Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) has marked its 30th year, at anniversary summit hosted by Moscow recently.

 

About Collective Security Treaty Organization:

  • It is an intergovernmental military alliance (six countries) that came into effect in 2002.
  • Its origin can be traced to the Collective Security Treaty, 1992 (Tashkent Treaty).
  • The headquarters is located in the Russian capital of Moscow.
  • The objectives of the CSTO is to strengthen peace, international and regional security including cybersecurity and stability, the protection on a collective basis of the independence, territorial integrity and sovereignty of the member states.

 

Composition:

Current CSTO members are Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, the Russian Federation and Tajikistan.

 

Current Affairs

 

What does membership entail?

  1. CSTO membership means that member states are barred from joining other military alliances, limiting, for example, their relationship with NATO.
  2. Most importantly, membership presumes certain key security assurances – the most significant of which is deterring military aggression by third countries.
  3. In the CSTO, aggression against one signatory is perceived as aggression against all.
  4. It however remains unclear whether this feature works in practice.

 

Insta Curious:

India joined the UK in drive known as ‘Five Eyes’ group of nations, as a seventh member in 2020. What is this group about? Reference: read this.

 

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. About CSTO.
  2. Composition.
  3. Objectives.

Mains Link:

Discuss about the significance of CSTO.

 

Q.4) The CSTO includes:

  1. Armenia.
  2. Belarus.
  3. Kazakhstan.
  4. Bangladesh.

Choose the correct answer using the codes given below:

  1. 1 only.
  2. 2 and 3 only.
  3. 2, 3 and 4 only.
  4. 1, 2 and 3 only.  

Sources: the Hindu.

What are community forest rights?

GS Paper 3:

Syllabus: Environment and Conservation Related issues.

 

Context:

The Chhattisgarh government has become only the second state in the country to recognise Community Forest Resource (CFR) rights of a village inside a national park.

  • The CFR rights of tribals living in Gudiyapadar, a hamlet inside the Kanger Ghati National Park in Bastar district, were recognised, giving the community power to formulate rules for forest use.

 

What is a community forest resource?

  • It is the common forest land that has been traditionally protected and conserved for sustainable use by a particular community.
  • The community uses it to access resources available within the traditional and customary boundary of the village; and for seasonal use of landscape in case of pastoralist communities.

 

Community Forest Resource rights:

These rights are recognised under Section 3(1)(i) of the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act (commonly referred to as the Forest Rights Act or the FRA).

  • They provide for recognition of the right to “protect, regenerate or conserve or manage” the community forest resource.
  • These rights allow the community to formulate rules for forest use by itself and others and thereby discharge its responsibilities under Section 5 of the FRA.

 

Significance of these rights and their recognition:

  • CFR rights, along with Community Rights (CRs) which include nistar rights and rights over non-timber forest products, ensure sustainable livelihoods of the community.
  • These rights give the authority to the Gram Sabha to adopt local traditional practices of forest conservation and management within the community forest resource boundary.
  • It also underlines the integral role that forest dwellers play in sustainability of forests and in conservation of biodiversity.

 

 

Know more about the Forest Rights Act here.

 

Insta Curious:

Did you know that in 2016, the Odisha government was the first to recognise Community Forest Resources (CFRs) inside the Simplipal National Park?

 

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. Who can include or exclude areas under 5th schedule?
  2. What are scheduled areas?
  3. Forest Rights Act- key provisions.

Mains Link:

Claims for tenure under the Forest Rights Act must satisfy the needs of the forest dwellers as well as the environment. Critically analyze.

 

Q.5) Community Forest Resource rights in India have been recognised under:

  1. The Forest Rights Act.
  2. The Constitution of India.
  3. Biological Diversity Act, 2002.

Choose the correct answer using the codes given below:

  1. 1 only.
  2. 2 and 3 only.
  3. 3 only.
  4. All of the above. 

Sources: Indian Express.

Facts for Prelims:

 

Nechiphu tunnel:

Border Road Organisation (BRO) has successfully completed the excavation work of the Nechiphu Tunnel.

  • The tunnel is located in Arunachal Pradesh.
  • The Tunnel is located at an altitude of 5,700 feet.
  • It is located on the Balipara-Charduar-Tawang (BCT) Road in West Kameng district.

Current Affairs

 

Paper import monitoring system:

The Ministry of Commerce and Industry has amended the import policy of major paper products from “Free” to “Free subject to Compulsory Registration” under PIMS.

  • It makes registration compulsory for importing 201 types of paper such as newsprint, handmade paper, envelopes etc.
  • It excludes currency paper, security printing paper etc.

Current Affairs

First Movers Coalition:

India recently joined a global public-private partnership initiative called the First Movers Coalition.

  • The initiative was launched by President of the USA Joe Biden and the World Economic Forum (WEF) at COP26.
  • The coalition seeks to decarbonise the heavy industry and long-distance transport sectors that are responsible for 30 percent of global emissions.

 

Current Affairs

 

WEF’s Alliance of CEO Climate Action Leaders- India:

The World Economic Forum has announced a new ‘Alliance of CEO Climate Action Leaders India’ that will work towards fast-tracking decarbonisation pathways along India’s net-zero journey.

  • It is a part of the WEF’s Climate Action Platform.
  • Aim: To fast-track India’s climate action and decarbonisation efforts.
  • Participants: It is a collaboration between Kearney and Observer Research Foundation and brings together chief executives from India’s leading businesses.

 

Current Affairs

 

People’s Biodiversity Register:

Kolkata has become the first major metropolitan city to prepare a detailed register of biodiversity i.e. PBR.

  • PBR contains comprehensive information on locally available Bio-resources including landscape and demography of a particular area or village.

Need for:

  • The Biological Diversity Act 2002 has made it mandatory for every local self-governing institution in rural and urban areas to constitute Biodiversity Management Committees within their area of jurisdiction.
  • Once constituted, BMC must prepare a PBR in consultation with local people.

 

Current Affairs

 

WEF Travel and Tourism Development Index:

Released by: World Economic Forum.

This index is the Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Index’s direct evolution, having been published biennially for the last 15 years.

  • In the 2021 index, India has been ranked at 54th place in the latest edition. In 2019, India had ranked at 46th position.
  • India topped within the South Asia region.
  • The top place has been grabbed by Japan. The country is followed by the United States, Spain, France, and Germany respectively.

 

Current Affairs

 

International Booker Prize:

“Tomb of Sand’ has become the first book written in an Indian language to be awarded the International Booker Prize.

  • The book was originally published in Hindi as Ret Samadhi.
  • It is written by Author Geetanjali Shree and translated into English by Daisy Rockwell.

The International Booker Prize:

  • It is awarded annually for a single book, translated into English and published in the UK or Ireland.
  • This prize aims to encourage more reading of quality fiction from all over the world and has already had an impact on those statistics in the UK.
  • The vital work of translators is celebrated, with the £50,000 prize money divided equally between the author and translator.

 

Current Affairs

 

Answers to Questions asked Yesterday:

Q.1) C.

Q.2) C.

Q.3) C.

Q.4) C (All of the above).

Q.5) C.


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