Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.
1. On the one hand, modern education introduced by British has been seen as the key tool to elicit the consent and loyalty of the Indian elite to British rule. On the other hand, education was also thought to have generated nationalist resistance. Discuss. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Reference: Chapter 30 – A Brief History of Modern India by Rajiv Ahir (Spectrum Publishers)
Why the question:
The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the evolution of education in India under the colonial rule and its impact.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by mentioning the Macaulay’s minute setting the stage for introduction of education system by the British in India.
Trace the evolution of education system in British India – orientalist v/s anglicist debate, setting up of Universities, Hunter Commission report, education system during the period of Diarchy rule, evolution of primary and higher education etc. You can make use of a flow chart for better presentation.
Write about the both positive and negative impacts of introduction of modern education in India.
Conclude by mentioning the contribution of modern education in rise of nationalism in India.