Topic: Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues.
1. While many strategies have attempted to address some of the barriers contributing to poor maternal health outcomes and women’s utilization of maternal health services. It is often influenced by perceived sociocultural and economic operating at the community level as well as within the larger social environments. Analyse. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Reference: The Hindu
Why the question:
The recent round of the National Family Health Survey 2019-2021, shows that 3% of all pregnancies in India result in abortion. More than half (53%) of abortions in India are performed in the private sector, whereas only 20% are performed in the public sector — partly because public facilities often lack abortion services. More than a quarter of abortions (27%) are performed by the woman herself at home.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the barriers to maternal health services and steps needed to overcome them.
Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
Start by giving context and statistics regarding accessibility for women in family planning and maternal health services.
First, give the various attempts at improving accessibility for women in family planning and maternal health services undertaken by the government in the last few years.
Next, write about the various barriers which prevent women from availing these services and the impact of such barriers.
Next, write about measures that are required in order to ensure safe family planning and maternal health services.
Conclude by writing a way forward.