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[MISSION 2022] SECURE 2022 : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 26 May 2022

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues.

1. While many strategies have attempted to address some of the barriers contributing to poor maternal health outcomes and women’s utilization of maternal health services. It is often influenced by perceived sociocultural and economic operating at the community level as well as within the larger social environments. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The recent round of the National Family Health Survey 2019-2021, shows that 3% of all pregnancies in India result in abortion. More than half (53%) of abortions in India are performed in the private sector, whereas only 20% are performed in the public sector — partly because public facilities often lack abortion services. More than a quarter of abortions (27%) are performed by the woman herself at home.

Key Demand of the question:  

To write about the barriers to maternal health services and steps needed to overcome them.

Directive word: 

 Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by giving context and statistics regarding accessibility for women in family planning and maternal health services.

Body:

First, give the various attempts at improving accessibility for women in family planning and maternal health services undertaken by the government in the last few years.

Next, write about the various barriers which prevent women from availing these services and the impact of such barriers.

Next, write about measures that are required in order to ensure safe family planning and maternal health services.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

2. As discrimination has an economic cost, ending harassments and exclusions at work against the LGBTQIA+ community is a vital step at their inclusion in the mainstream society. Comment. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

A document released on Wednesday by the International Labour Organisation (ILO) on “Inclusion of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex and queer (LGBTIQ+) persons in the world of work” recommended member countries, employers’ organisations and representatives of workers to launch social protection programmes to remove barriers that LGBTIQ+ persons face in the society.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the discrimination and injustice faced by the LGBTQIA+ community at work and steps needed to end it.

Directive word: 

Comment- here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by stating that even though LGBTQIA+ people are given legal backing by abolishing section 377, they are still at the bottom of the hierarchy when it comes to basic human rights within the unit of family and society.

Body:

First, state that the social media campaigns and corporate ads for an inclusive society with respect to LGBTQI+ community have only been to a limited urban population. Many LGBTQI+ persons and their families face the economic costs of their sexual orientation.

Next, write about the steps that are needed to end their harassment and exclusion at work.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

3. Mission POSHAN 2.0 strongly integrates the aspect of under-nutrition and anaemia among women, girls, and children. However, the design needs to be inclusive of the growing risk of non-communicable diseases and obesity among adolescents. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Multiple studies show that adolescence is a nutritionally demanding phase of life. Susceptibility of adolescent girls to anaemia is 40% compared to boys at 18%. This is why promoting dietary diversity is crucial during adolescence, as dietary habits are in the formative stage and evidence shows that behaviour imbibed during adolescence has a higher chance of being continued in adult life.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the achievements of POSHAN Abhiyaan 2.0 in tackling malnutrition and further steps that are required to make it more holistic.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about POSHAN Abhiyaan 2.0, its aims and objectives.

Body:

First, write about the successes of Begin by writing about POSHAN Abhiyaan 1.0 and 2.0 in tackling the issue of hunger and malnutrition.

Next, write about the further changes to its design that are needed to ensure it becomes very holistic in improving overall health.

Next, suggest steps to further streamline POSHAN Abhiyaan 2.0 to overcome the above.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stressing on the fact that by making POSHAN Abhiyaan 2.0 a resounding success, India takes a step towards achieving SDG-2.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers

4. What do you understand by climate-smart agriculture (CSA)? How can this approach helps us in maintaining food security, while mitigating the impact of climate change on agriculture? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3.

Key Demand of the question: 

To bring out the interlinkage between climate change, farming, poverty alleviation and food security in India and the role climate smart agriculture can play in this regard.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining climate smart agriculture.

Body:

First, write about describing the vagaries of agriculture brought about by climate change such as higher ambient temperatures, less predictable rains, frequent droughts and cyclones.

Next, write about the major features of climate smart agriculture and benefits offered by climate smart agriculture – increase sustainable productivity, strengthen farmers’ resilience, reduce agriculture’s greenhouse gas emissions and increase carbon sequestration. Substantiate with examples.

Next, mention the limitations associated with by climate smart agriculture and ways to overcome it.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

5. Assess the scope of nuclear energy in the context of India’s energy security scenario as well as clean energy generation, in order to move towards net zero by 2070. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3.

Key Demand of the question:  

To write about the scope and limiting factors in the growth of nuclear energy.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:
Begin by giving context regarding the development of nuclear energy in India.

Body:

First, mention about the huge potential for growth, emission-free nature and consistent nature of nuclear energy production in contrast with wind and solar energy.

Next, evaluate the various factors for a running nuclear power plant such as land requirement, man power, financing, fuel enrichment and manufacturing needs etc.

Next, highlight the delays in rolling out the second stage of the nuclear fuel program. Technological problems arising in the process of commissioning the Pressurized Fast Breeder Reactor and the associated time and cost overruns.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Work culture, Quality of service delivery.

6. Core values are the deeply ingrained principles that guide all of a company’s actions; they serve as its cultural cornerstones. Elaborate. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Abstract Thursdays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Key demand of the question:

To write about ethics and importance of core values in a ever changing environment.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin the answer by defining core values.

Body:

Explain in detail the importance of core values system – form the foundation on which an organisation performs work, accomplish missions, how to reward, Guide us in making decisions, Govern personal relationships and Articulate what we stand for etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stressing on the importance of core value system.

 

Topic: Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

7. Stopping the lack-of-empathy microaggressions that occur in everyday life leading to changes in attitude can help stop gun violence along stricter gun control laws. Discuss. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Abstract Thursdays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about taking an empathetic approach towards reducing hate and aggression in order to end gun violence.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, write about the various causes of gun violence.

Next, state the need for a humane and persuasive approach to ensure that aggression and hate are addressed leading to a attitudinal change. Also, mention about the role of strong gun control laws in curbing violence.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


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