GS Paper 1
Syllabus: Salient features of art form, literature, architecture.
- The ArchaeologicalSurvey of India (ASI) on May 17 said that a sculpture of a lion, which possibly dates back to the Ganga dynasty, was found during excavation for the controversial heritage corridor project around the 12thcentury Jagannath Temple in Puri,Odisha.
- This is the third such lion sculpture found during the excavation work.
- It was constructed in the 12th century by King Anatavarman Chodaganga Deva of the Eastern Ganga Dynasty.
- Jagannath Puri temple is called ‘Yamanika Tirtha’ where, according to the Hindu beliefs, the power of ‘Yama’, the god of death has been nullified in Puri due to the presence of Lord Jagannath.
- It was called the “White Pagoda” and is a part of Char Dham pilgrimages (Badrinath, Dwaraka, Puri, Rameswaram).
- There are four gates to the temple
- Eastern ‘Singhadwara’(main gate with two crouching lions)
- Southern ‘Ashwadwara
- Western ‘Vyaghra Dwara
- Northern ‘Hastidwara’.
- There is a carving of each form at each gate.
- In front of the entrance stands the Aruna stambha or sun pillar, which was originally at the Sun Temple in Konark.
Jagannath temple Heritage Corridor Project:
- The project includes redeveloping major portions of the holy town and in the vicinity of the Jagannath temple for visitors and tourists.
- The project will include:
- Shree Jagannath Temple Administration (SJTA) building redevelopment
- a 600-capacity Srimandir reception center
- Jagannath cultural center
- Badadanda heritage streetscape
- beachfront development
- Puri lake
- Musa river revival plan, etc.
Jagannath temple architecture
Jagannath temple Heritage Corridor Project
Discuss the main architectural features of Jagannath temple along with Jagannath temple Heritage Corridor Project.