Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
1. The Vijayanagara architectural style is a combination of the Chalukya, Hoysala, Pandya and Chola styles which evolved earlier in the centuries and is characterised by a return to the simplistic and serene art of the past. Comment. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate.
Reference: Insights on India
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the influences on Vijayanagar architecture and its nature.
Why the question:
The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.
Comment– here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by mentioning the Vijayanagar rulers were great patrons of art and architecture.
First, Mention the various features of Vijayanagar architecture and their progress – Vijayanagar temples are surrounded by strong enclosures and characterized by ornate pillared kalyanamandapa (marriage halls); tall rayagopurams (carved monumental towers at the entrance of the temple) built of wood, brick, and stucco in the Chola style; and adorned with life-sized figures of gods and goddesses.
Next, write about the unique features of Vijayanagar architecture and other influences on it such as Portuguese and Islamic influences.
Conclude by commenting on the overall nature of architecture of Vijayanagar.