Topic: Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
4. Hunger and malnutrition have a negative and a disproportionate impact on various socio-economic indicators. Examine the causes and suggest long term solutions to address this issue. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Reference: Down to Earth
Why the question:
India has 5,772,472 children below five years affected by severe wasting — the most in the world, alerted UNICEF.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about causes and impact of hunger and malnutrition and ways to tackle it.
Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by giving a statistic regarding Hunger and malnutrition in India.
Describe the impact of hunger and malnutrition in India – status of child mortality, stunting and wasting in India, loss of demographic dividend, extreme poverty etc.
Next write about the causes – there are social factors like early marriage etc all of which contribute to the undernourishment, stunting and wasting of children.
Next, write about the measures that are needed to overcome hunger and malnutrition in the country.
Conclude by writing a way forward.