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Integration of e-Shram portal with One Nation One Ration Card scheme:

GS Paper 2:

Topics Covered: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

 

Context:

The centre is in the process of integrating the e-Shram portal of the Ministry of Labour and Employment with the One Nation One Ration Card scheme.

 

Need for:

A  comparison of the location data with permanent address data on e-Shram shall help identify migrant workers within e-Shram.

 

About the e-Shram Portal:

  • Launched in August 2021 by the Union Ministry of Labour & Employment.
  • It is a national database to register unorganised workers.
  • The portal came into being after the Supreme Court directed the Government to complete the registration process of unorganised workers.
  • Each registered worker will be issued an identity card, which can be used across the country to avail any benefits announced by the Government.

current affairs

 

What is One Nation One Ration Card (ONORC)?

  • The ONORC scheme is aimed at enabling migrant workers and their family members to buy subsidised ration from any fair price shop anywhere in the country under the National Food Security Act, 2013.
  • ONORC was launched in August, 2019.
  • Implementing Agency: Department for the nation-wide portability of ration cards under National Food Security Act (NFSA).
  • Eligibility: Any citizen, who is declared under Below Poverty Line (BPL) category is eligible to get the benefit of this scheme across the country.

 

Insta Curious:

In WTO terminology, subsidies in general are identified by “boxes” which are given the colours of traffic lights: green (permitted), amber (slow down — i.e. need to be reduced), red (forbidden). Know more about them: read this.

 

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. About TPDS.
  2. Who gets food security allowance under the scheme?
  3. Provisions of penalty under the act.
  4. Maternity benefits related provisions.
  5. Overview of Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) scheme.
  6. Overview of Mid-Day Meal (MDM) scheme.
  7. The responsibility of 3. Identification of Households under the scheme.

Mains Link:

Give an account of the benefits that can accrue from the One Nation One Ration Card scheme. In this context, also discuss the challenges that need to be addressed for the scheme to become a success.

 

[Q.1) Consider the following statements:

    1. e-Shram Portal was launched in August 2017.
    2. Migrants who have registered on this portal can buy subsidised ration from any fair price shop anywhere in the country.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

      1. 1 only.
      2. 2 only.
      3. Both.
      4. None. ]

Sources: Indian Express.