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Global Security Initiative:

GS Paper 2:

Topics Covered: Important International Groupings and organisations.

 

Context:

A new Global Security Initiative has been put forward by Chinese President Xi Jinping.

  • This initiative will look to counter the Indo-Pacific strategy and the Quad – the India, U.S., Australia, Japan grouping.

 

Aim of this initiative:

  • As per the Chinese President, Global Security Initiative will stay committed to the vision of common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security.
  • It would oppose unilateralism, and say no to group politics and bloc confrontation.
  • This initiative would oppose the wanton use of unilateral sanctions and long-arm jurisdiction.

 

Key Principles:

  • This initiative would build an Asian security model of mutual respect, openness and integration.
  • It would oppose the destruction of the international order under the banner of so-called rules.
  • It will also oppose the dragging of the world under the cloud of the new cold war.
  • This initiative will oppose the use of the Indo-Pacific strategy to divide the region and create a new Cold War, and the use of military alliances to put together an Asian version of NATO.

 

Need for:

With growing threats posed by unilateralism, hegemony and power politics, and increasing deficits in peace, security, trust and governance, mankind is facing more and more intractable problems and security threats.

  • Thus, China held that the Global security initiative is envisaged to uphold the principle of “indivisible security”.
  • The principle of “indivisible security” means that no country can strengthen its own security at the expense of others.

 

What are Events Signaling a New Cold War?

  • China’s aggressive development under the relatively enlightened authoritarianism.
  • In order to contain rising China’s assertiveness, the US under its ‘pivot to Asia policy’ Has launched a Quad initiative & Indo pacific narrative.
  • Most recently, the US proposed to expand G7 to G-11 without including China in it.
  • China’s actions in the South China Sea, first by land reclamation and then constructing artificial islands for extending extra-territorial claim, has seen sharp criticism from the US and its allies.

 

What are China’s views on the Quad?

  • There is a general understanding that the Quad would not take on a military dimension against any country. The strategic community in China, nevertheless, had branded it an emerging “Asian NATO”.
  • Notably, Japanese PM Shinzo Abe’s “Confluence of Two Seas” address to the Indian Parliament gave a fresh impetus to the Quad concept. This recognised the economic rise of India.

 

Concerns for India:

  • There could be a warning for New Delhi in these efforts, that others are stitching up formal, institutionalized security cooperation that leave India out.
  • With two new treaties now in the region—AUKUS being the other—and more potentially on their way, New Delhi needs to consider seriously whether its continuing scepticism of closer security cooperation with others best serves India’s interest.
  • More problematically, it is another indicator that India has not entirely escaped its traditional aversion to external security partnerships even when the limitations of its domestic capacities are self-evident.

 

Insta Curious:

Have you heard of Quad Plus? Quad members have also indicated a willingness to expand the partnership through a so-called Quad Plus that would include South Korea, New Zealand, and Vietnam amongst others. 

 

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. Quad- composition.
  2. When was it first proposed?
  3. Countries and important islands in the Indian Ocean region.
  4. Geographical overview of the Indo-Pacific region.
  5. Important seas and straits in the region.

Mains Link:

A formal revival and re-invigoration of the Quad is called for to maintain peace and tranquillity and to ensure observance of the UN Law of the Seas. Examine.

Sources: the Hindu.