Topic: Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
5. The global impact and response to the COVID-19 pandemic, highlights the need for coordinated action across sectors to protect health and prevent disruption to food systems. Examine the need of one health approach in this regard. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Tough
Reference: Insights on India
Why the question:
The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the need for one health approach.
Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.
Structure of the answer:
Start by defining “One health Approach”.
One Health is a collaborative, multispectral, and trans disciplinary approach — working at the local, regional, national, and global levels — with the goal of achieving optimal health outcomes recognizing the interconnection between people, animals, plants, and their shared environment.
Next, write about its need – Studies indicate that more than two-thirds of existing and emerging infectious diseases are zoonotic, or can be transferred between animals and humans, and vice versa, when the pathogen in question originates in any life form but circumvents the species barrier.
Examine its significance in handling zoonotic diseases.
Conclude with way forward.