Topic: Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
5. Differentiate between DNA and RNA. Throw light on the Significance of RNA technologies for India’s healthcare system. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Reference: Insights on India
Why the question:
The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.
Key Demand of the question:
To differentiate between DNA and RNA and write about importance of RNA technologies for healthcare.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by giving a brief about genetic makeup – DNA and RNA.
First, write the about the differences between DNA and RNA – DNA is double-stranded and RNA is single-stranded, RNA contains the sugar ribose, while DNA contains the slightly different sugar deoxyribose (a type of ribose that lacks one oxygen atom), and RNA has the nucleobase uracil while DNA contains thymine etc.
Next, write about the importance of RNA technologies for healthcare system of India. Substantiate with examples.
Write a way forward wherein India can further harness these technologies.