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What are the various reasons for the communalisation of the society? Elaborate upon the steps that are needed to ensure harmony and tolerance.

Topic: communalism, regionalism & secularism.

2. What are the various reasons for the communalisation of the society? Elaborate upon the steps that are needed to ensure harmony and tolerance. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduIndian Express

Why the question:

Hubballi city in north Karnataka saw a communal flare-up on the night of April 16, the immediate trigger for which was an inflammatory social media post.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the causes of communalism and ways to counter it.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining communalism.

Body:

First, write about the various causes behind the communalisation of the society – Divisive Politics, Economic Causes, History of Communal Riots, Politics of Appeasement etc.

Next, write in detail about various measures to counter communal tension in the society.

Finally, write about what can be done in future by government, civil society etc so as to reduce communalism.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.