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The progression to electric vehicles is important for India because such vehicles are sustainable and profitable in the long term. Evaluate the growth of electric vehicles in India and the various measures taken by the government to promote it.

Topic: Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

5. The progression to electric vehicles is important for India because such vehicles are sustainable and profitable in the long term. Evaluate the growth of electric vehicles in India and the various measures taken by the government to promote it. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

Government think-tank Niti Aayog has prepared a draft battery swapping policy, under which it has proposed offering incentives to electric vehicles (EVs) with swappable batteries, subsidies to companies manufacturing swappable batteries, a new battery-as-a-service business model, and standards for interoperable batteries, among other measures.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the impact of shifting to electric vehicles on the environment, economy and foreign policy and also to examine India’s preparedness and measures taken so far to achieve the transition to electric vehicles.

Directive word: 

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by describing the electric vehicles (EV) technology vis-à-vis fossil fuel based vehicles.

Body:

Mention the impact the EV can have on India economically in terms of reducing dependence on crude oil and reduced import bill and improved domestic energy independence.

Write about the environmental benefits of shift to EV – Give facts and figures relation to vehicular emission in India, the impact of it and how shifting to EV can be environmentally advantageous as well as sustainable in the long run.

Mention as to how there can be a potential shift in the foreign policy with more progression in EV, as we look beyond West Asia and towards Latin America.

Examine the various measures taken in this regard so far such as FAME-I, FAME-II, Developing domestic battery manufacturing capacity, mining for Lithium and Cobalt etc, Niti Aayog’s recent draft policy.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward to ensure maximisation of potential benefits.