Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[MISSION 2022] Insights SECURE 2022 : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 22 April 2022

 

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

MISSION – 2022: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

Join IPM 4.0 to get an assured review of 2 secure answers everyday

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Effects of globalization on Indian society.

1. In the context of globalisation, what do you understand by ‘Global Village’? Discuss its various impacts on the Indian society.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

‘Global Village’ is not just an academic term but a lived reality for the nearly eight billion people on the planet. This ‘Global Village’ was built on the foundation of advanced transportation networks, cemented with the U.S. dollar as the reserve currency and fenced by integrated payment systems.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about global village concept and its impact on the Indian society.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining global village.

Body:

First, write about the various attributes and features of global village.

Next, write about the positive impact of global village on the Indian society and culture. Substantiate with facts and examples.

Next, write about the negative impact of global village on the Indian society and culture. Substantiate with facts and examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning as to how to increase the positive impact and reduce negative impact.

 

Topic: communalism, regionalism & secularism.

2. What are the various reasons for the communalisation of the society? Elaborate upon the steps that are needed to ensure harmony and tolerance. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduIndian Express

Why the question:

Hubballi city in north Karnataka saw a communal flare-up on the night of April 16, the immediate trigger for which was an inflammatory social media post.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the causes of communalism and ways to counter it.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining communalism.

Body:

First, write about the various causes behind the communalisation of the society – Divisive Politics, Economic Causes, History of Communal Riots, Politics of Appeasement etc.

Next, write in detail about various measures to counter communal tension in the society.

Finally, write about what can be done in future by government, civil society etc so as to reduce communalism.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

3. The implementation of Article 44 of the Constitution and would promote social harmony, gender equality and women’s empowerment. Critically Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate.

Reference: New Indian Express

Why the question:

With the BJP coming to power in several states, many leaders of this party at the state level have begun campaigning for a Uniform Civil Code (UCC) in the country.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about analyse the debate regarding introduction of the Uniform civil code.

Directive word: 

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining Uniform Civil Code (UCC) as per article 44.

Body:

First, explaining the aims and objectives behind UCC in India.

Next, discuss in detail the arguments for UCC in India – Mentioned in DPSP, uniformity of laws, achieving equality, simplification of law, progressive measure etc.

Next, discuss in detail the arguments against the UCC in India – Lack of consensus, against cultural diversity, right of minorities, tribal customs etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by giving a balanced opinion regarding UCC.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

4. India’s foreign policy must revolve around developing and deepening links in health, space and digital technologies in Africa for mutual benefits. Comment. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about India’s priority with respect to Africa in its foreign policy and the need for revamping India-Africa policy to deepen its ties for mutual benefits.

Directive word: 

Comment– here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start with brief background of India’s foreign policy in Africa.

Body:

Briefly discuss the ties between India-Africa from past to present.

Explain that the Covid-19 pandemic has been one of the worst humanitarian and economic crisis faced by the world, but its effects stand to be much more devastating, particularly for Africa, where economic and public health conditions are extremely vulnerable

In the 21st century, Africa has transformed from a lost continent to a continent of hope. Subsequently, in recent years, Africa occupies a central place in the Indian government’s foreign and economic policy.

In the context of the current crisis, India has demonstrated its willingness and capacity to shoulder more responsibility in cooperating with Africa to recover from the current crisis and lend support in its overall growth.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

5. The progression to electric vehicles is important for India because such vehicles are sustainable and profitable in the long term. Evaluate the growth of electric vehicles in India and the various measures taken by the government to promote it. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

Government think-tank Niti Aayog has prepared a draft battery swapping policy, under which it has proposed offering incentives to electric vehicles (EVs) with swappable batteries, subsidies to companies manufacturing swappable batteries, a new battery-as-a-service business model, and standards for interoperable batteries, among other measures.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the impact of shifting to electric vehicles on the environment, economy and foreign policy and also to examine India’s preparedness and measures taken so far to achieve the transition to electric vehicles.

Directive word: 

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by describing the electric vehicles (EV) technology vis-à-vis fossil fuel based vehicles.

Body:

Mention the impact the EV can have on India economically in terms of reducing dependence on crude oil and reduced import bill and improved domestic energy independence.

Write about the environmental benefits of shift to EV – Give facts and figures relation to vehicular emission in India, the impact of it and how shifting to EV can be environmentally advantageous as well as sustainable in the long run.

Mention as to how there can be a potential shift in the foreign policy with more progression in EV, as we look beyond West Asia and towards Latin America.

Examine the various measures taken in this regard so far such as FAME-I, FAME-II, Developing domestic battery manufacturing capacity, mining for Lithium and Cobalt etc, Niti Aayog’s recent draft policy.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward to ensure maximisation of potential benefits.

 

Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

6. Nanotechnology is helping to considerably improve, even revolutionize, many technology and industry sectors to benefit society. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

Why the question: The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about applications of nano technology for the betterment of the society.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining nanotechnology.

Body:

First, write about the applications of nanotechnology – The applications of nanotechnology, commonly incorporate industrial, medicinal, and energy uses. These include more durable construction materials, therapeutic drug delivery, and higher density hydrogen fuel cells that are environmentally friendly.

Next, write about how these will help in our developmental objectives and our society,

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Case Study.

7. You are the Sarpanch of a Panchayat. There is a primary school run by the government in your area. Midday meals are provided to children attending the school. The headmaster has now appointed a new cook in the school to prepare the meals. However, when it is found that cook is from Dalit community, almost half of the children belonging to higher castes are not allowed to take meals by their parents. Consequently, the attendance in the schools falls sharply. This could result in the possibility of discontinuation of midday meal scheme, thereafter of teaching staff and subsequent closing down the school.

(a) Discuss some feasible strategies to overcome the conflict and to create right ambiance.

(b) What should be the responsibilities of different social segments and agencies to create positive social ambiance for accepting such changes? (250 words) (UPSC2015)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Case Study Fridays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.


Join our Official Telegram Channel HERE for Motivation and Fast Updates

Subscribe to our YouTube Channel HERE to watch Motivational and New analysis videos