GS Paper 3:
Topics Covered: Conservation related issues.
Recently, the NITI Aayog launched the State Energy and Climate Index (SECI).
- It is the first index that aims to track the efforts made by states and UTs in the climate and energy sector.
State Energy and Climate Index:
- The States have been categorized based on size and geographical differences as larger and smaller States and UTs.
- The index is based on 2019-20 data.
- The states and UTs are categorized into three groups: Front Runners, Achievers, and Aspirants.
The objectives of the index are:
- Ranking the States based on their efforts towards improving energy access, energy consumption, energy efficiency, and safeguarding the environment.
- Helping drive the agenda of the affordable, accessible, efficient and clean energy transition at the State level.
- Encouraging healthy competition among the states on different dimensions of energy and climate.
It ranks the states’ performance on 6 parameters, namely:
- DISCOM’s Performance.
- Access, Affordability and Reliability of Energy.
- Clean Energy Initiatives.
- Energy Efficiency.
- Environmental Sustainability.
- New Initiatives.
The parameters are further divided into 27 indicators.
Performance of various states:
- Gujarat, Kerala and Punjab have been ranked as the top three performers in the category of larger States, while Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh were the bottom three States.
- Goa emerged as the top performer in the smaller States category followed by Tripura and Manipur.
- Among UTs, Chandigarh, Delhi and Daman & Diu/Dadra & Nagar Haveli are the top performers.
- Punjab was the best performer in discom performance, while Kerala topped in access, affordability and reliability category.
- Haryana was the best performer in clean energy initiative among larger States and Tamil Nadu in the energy efficiency category.
- Global climate indices and India’s Ranking.
- State Energy and Climate Index.
- NITI Aayog.
- India’s Contribution Towards Net Zero Carbon Emission.
Sources: the Hindu.