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[MISSION 2022] Insights SECURE 2022 : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 8 April 2022

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic:  geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

 

1.  Highlighting the various threats to Eco-Sensitive Zones (ESZ), discuss its role in conservation of endangered floral and faunal species in its natural habitat. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: the Hindu

 

Why the question: The Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) issued a draft notification to declare an Eco-Sensitive Zone (ESZ) that will encompass large swathes of human-inhabited areas around the Neyyar and the Peppara wildlife sanctuaries in Thiruvananthapuram.

Key Demand of the question: To write about role of ESZ in conservation of endangered species and threats to ESZ.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning the aims of ESZs.

Body:

First, write about the role of ESZ in conservation of endangered species – minimise the impact of urbanisation and other developmental activities, Shock Absorber’ for the protected area, transition zone, minimise forest depletion and reduce man-animal conflict. Cite examples to substantiate.

Next, write about the various threats to ESZ – Developmental activities and construction, Introduction of exotic species: Exotic species, Climate change etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward to protect ESZs from the above threats.

 


General Studies – 2


Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

 

2.  The burden of non-communicable diseases (NCD) is enormous on the health care system of the nation. Analyse the role that AYUSH can play in addressing the issue of burgeoning NCDs. (250 words)

 

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: the Print

INSIGHTSONINDIA

 

Why the question: On the Occasion of World Health Day celebrated on Thursday, Ministry of AYUSH organized Yoga Utsav- a health awareness programme for the International Day of Yoga, at Red Fort.

Key Demand of the question: To write about how India can cope up to the huge burden of NCDs and role of AYUSH in this regard.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving statistic regarding NCD’s in India.

Body:

Mention about NCD’s, the burden of NCD’s and the reasons as to why they also need to addressed along with the pandemic. Bring out its impact.

Write the measures that are needed in this hour to tackle NCD’s and the rule AYUSH can play in promoting healthy lifestyles and preventing NCDs. Mention the role it can play in its treatment.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

 

3. Examine the factors behind increasing cases of farmer suicides. What are the policy measures that are needed to prevent them? (250 words)

 

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: new Indian Express

InstaPedia

 

Why the question: Farmer suicides have always been a highly debated issue in the public discourse on agriculture sector performance in India. According to National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) data, 3,58,164 people engaged in the farming profession have committed suicide in India from 1995 to 2019.

Key Demand of the question: To write about causes of farmer suicides and measures needed to prevent them.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving statistic regarding farmer suicides in India.

Body:

First, write about the causes of farm suicides – Low per capita land, indebtedness, high loan rates, high costs of production and labour, inability to pool up resources, need for hiring labor due to shortage of time, low agriculture products prices and low MSPS, decreasing water tables and increasing  costs of pumping water out, economic exploitation by dealers selling agriculture equipment, seeds, fertilizers etc.

Next, write about the steps that are needed to prevent farmer suicides.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

4. Overcoming bottlenecks in development of road infrastructure is key to having a seamless supply chain and reducing cost of logistics. Comment. (250 words)

 

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: InstaPedia

 

Why the question: The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question: To write about the significance of road development in restructuring India’s infrastructure scenario.

Directive word: 

Comment– here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate the importance of Road as a key transport infrastructure.

Body:

First, discuss the significance of road infrastructure and its contributions to the development of the economy.

Next, explain the issues associated in road development and write how these issues can be addressed.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

 

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

5. Sagarmala project provides opportunity for improving carrying capacity and developing ports as a key contributor to economic growth. Discuss. (250 words)

 

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insightsonindia 

 

Why the question: Why the question: The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question: To write about the reasons poor performance of shipping sector and ports in India and issues that plague them and to write about the scope of Sagarmala in rectifying the above.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by briefly starting the objectives of Sagarmala initiative.

Body:

In the first part, write about the various issues that affect India’s shipping and port sectors – visionless administration, only helps foreign shipping liners, lack of balance between infrastructure onshore and at sea, not optimization of our carrying capacity and lack of regional cargo-specific ports etc.

Next, write about the potential of Sagarmala initiative and other efforts that are needed along with it. Change in the mindset of the authorities and the maritime business community, ‘Make in India’, ship-owning by Indians and consolidating the strength of the coastal youth.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

 

Topic: Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money laundering and its prevention.

 

6.  Vulnerabilities in the critical infrastructure can be severely damaging. Hence, building deep technology in cyber security systems becomes very essential. Analyse. (250 words)

 

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: the Hindu

 

Why the question: The Union government has confirmed reports that Chinese hackers continue to target Indian power plants, especially those close to the Line of Actual Control (LAC) even as a U.S. based cyber security firm report claimed that Chinese State-sponsored actors have targeted seven power grid assets, the national emergency response system and an Indian subsidiary of a multinational logistics company since September 2021.

Key Demand of the question: To write about methods of guarding critical infrastructure against rising cyberattacks in India.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by giving context about attacks on critical infrastructure.

Body:

First, write about the impact that damages to critical infrastructure can have.

Next, explain what are the challenges in protecting critical infrastructure, against cyberattacks such as ransomware and phishing is almost certain to stretch the capability and resources of governments across the globe.

Next, suggest measures to protect and build deep technology in cyber security systems

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Case Study.

7.

A fresh engineering graduate gets a job in a prestigious chemical industry. She likes the work. The salary is also good. However, after a few months she accidentally discovers that a highly toxic waste is being secretly discharged into a river nearby. This is causing health problems to the villagers downstream who depend on the river for their water needs. She is perturbed and mentions her concern to her colleagues who have been with the company for longer periods. They advise her to keep quite as anyone who mentions the topic is summarily dismissed. She cannot risk losing her job as she is the sole bread-winner for her family and has to support her ailing parents and siblings. At first, she thinks that if her seniors are keeping quiet, why should she stick out her neck. But her conscience pricks her to do something to save the river and the people who depend upon it. At heart she feels that the advice of silence given by her friends is not correct though she cannot give reasons for it. She thinks you are a wise person and seeks your advice.

 (a) What arguments can you advance to show her that keeping quiet is not morally right?

(b) What course of action would you advise her to adopt and why? (250 words)

 

Difficulty level: Moderate

 

Why the question: The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Case Study Fridays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give a brief introduction regarding the facts of the case

Body:

Cite the facts of the case and ethical values involved.

  1. In detail, argue reasons as to being silent and moral inaction is a not right in this above scenario. Justify with ethical theories, examples and thinkers.
  2. Draw out a detailed course of action to right the wrong that have been committed. Emphasis should be holding the guilty accountable and solving the issue holistically in the long run.

Conclusion:

Mention long term solutions.

 

 


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