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Highlighting the various threats to Eco-Sensitive Zones (ESZ), discuss its role in conservation of endangered floral and faunal species in its natural habitat. (250 words)

Topic:  geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

 

1.  Highlighting the various threats to Eco-Sensitive Zones (ESZ), discuss its role in conservation of endangered floral and faunal species in its natural habitat. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: the Hindu

 

Why the question: The Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) issued a draft notification to declare an Eco-Sensitive Zone (ESZ) that will encompass large swathes of human-inhabited areas around the Neyyar and the Peppara wildlife sanctuaries in Thiruvananthapuram.

Key Demand of the question: To write about role of ESZ in conservation of endangered species and threats to ESZ.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning the aims of ESZs.

Body:

First, write about the role of ESZ in conservation of endangered species – minimise the impact of urbanisation and other developmental activities, Shock Absorber’ for the protected area, transition zone, minimise forest depletion and reduce man-animal conflict. Cite examples to substantiate.

Next, write about the various threats to ESZ – Developmental activities and construction, Introduction of exotic species: Exotic species, Climate change etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward to protect ESZs from the above threats.