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[MISSION 2022] Insights SECURE 2022 : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 7 April 2022

 

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General Studies – 1


Topic:  Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

 

1. Elaborate upon the features of Nagara style of architecture. Throw light on the essential attributes of Kalinga sub-style of Nagara architecture. (150 words)

 

Difficulty level: Easy

 

Reference: Indian Express

InstaPedia

 

Why the question: The Central government has told the Odisha government that its ordinance to bring the 11th-century Lingaraj temple in Bhubaneswar and its associated temples under a special law is outside the legislative competence of the state legislature. It also said the ordinance is in conflict with the rules laid down under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958 (AMASR Act).

Key Demand of the question:  To write about features of Nagara style and Kalinga sub-style.

 

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by giving the origins of nagara style.

Body:

First, draw a simple representative diagram of Nagara style with its various key features. Describe the essential features of Nagara style. Cite examples of Nagara style temples.

Next, write about Kalinga style and its various features – parts of the temple, motifs and figurines and Deula. Cite examples of Kalinga  style.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising

 

 

Topic: Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

 

2. Political inaction on the issue of communalism leads to deterioration of the social fabric of our country. Evaluate the statement in the light of recent events. (250 words)

 

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: New Indian Express 

 

Why the question: Administrative collapse in Karnataka has been apparent and communalism is an effective diversion. The next Assembly polls are fast approaching, which makes it even more attractive.

Key Demand of the question: To write about the limitations in the working of CBI and role of judiciary in monitoring its performance.

Directive word: 

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining communalism.

Body:

First, write about the causes of communalism in India.

Next, write about the impact of communalism in India and how political inaction can adversely affect the social fabric of the country. Use recent happenings from the country to substantiate your points.

Next, write about the possible political and administrative that can be taken to remedy communalism in the society.

 Conclusion:

Comment with a balanced way forward.

 

 


General Studies – 2


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

 

3. Critically analyse the role that the Dam Safety Act, 2021, will play in addressing the issues concerning the safety of major dams all over the country. (250 words)

 

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

 

Why the question: The Central Water Commission (CWC)’s proposal to let the Mullaperiyar dam’s Supervisory Committee continue for a year essentially means status quo continues. The proposal makes the Chief Secretaries of Tamil Nadu and Kerala accountable and provides for the participation of technical experts as panel members.

Key Demand of the question: To write about the potential of Dam Safety Act, 2021 in improving Dam Safety and issues regarding the act.

Directive word: 

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing the aims and objectives of the Dam Safety Act, 2021.

Body:

First, mention the various features of the Damn safety act – National Committee on Dam Safety (NCDS), National Dam Safety Authority (NDSA), State Dam Safety Organization (SDSO) and State Dam Safety Committee (SDSC) etc.

Next, write about the ways in which the above will improve safety of the dams.

Next, write about the various issues in the act which have acted as hindrance with regards to dam safety.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

 

 

Topic: Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

 

4. Examine the issues that have hindered the performance and autonomy of Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) and the role of judiciary in ensuring that CBI does not act as a “caged parrot”. (250 words)

 

Difficulty level: Moderate

 

Reference: the Hindu

 

Why the question: While delivering the annual (and the 19th edition) D.P. Kohli Memorial Talk organised by the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), the CJI minced no words in condemning the utter subordination of investigating agencies to the executive and its disastrous consequences for the cause of justice.

Key Demand of the question: To write about the limitations in the working of CBI and role of judiciary in monitoring its performance.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin your answer by giving brief about CBI as the premier investigating agency.

Body:

First, discuss the issues affecting the performance of CBI – political pressure, staff shortage, case burden, delays in investigation, consent withdrawal by some states and corruption etc.

Discuss the role judiciary has played in reforming CBI and maintaining its autonomy. Suggest reforms that are needed.

 Conclusion:

Comment with a balanced way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

 

5. The planning in India is a mixed-bag of achievements and shortcomings. However, there is a lot many unfulfilled tasks which are yet to be achieved. Examine. (250 words)

 

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: InstaPedia

 

Why the question: The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:  To write about the unfulfilled tasks of planning and thus the way forward to achieve it.

 

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.


Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start with few lines on the concept of planning in India.

Body:

Briefly discuss the achievements of planning in India. Then move on to discuss the drawbacks or failures of planning, Failure to Remove Poverty and Inequality completely, Problem of Unemployment Persists, Failure to Curtail Corruption and Black Money etc.

Discuss the current status of planning in India and the changes post 2014.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

 

Topic:  Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

 

6. Define liberalization? How does it affect the international business environment? What led to Liberalisation of Indian economy? Discuss. (250 words)

 

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: InstaPedia

 

Why the question: The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:  To write about the unfulfilled tasks of planning and thus the way forward to achieve it.

 

Directive word: 

 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

 

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Describe what is liberalization.

 

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered: Explain what you understand by liberalization, the major goals of economic liberalization and the importance of Liberalization.

Then discuss that the economic liberalization in India refers to the changes and reforms, initiated in 1991, of the country’s economic policies, with the goal of making the economy more market- and service-oriented, and expanding the role of private and foreign investment.

Explain its effect on international business environment.

 

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward and reassert the significance of it.

 

 


General Studies – 4


Topic: Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information

7. Whistleblowing is one of the most effective ways to detect and prevent corruption and malpractices. Elaborate.

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question: The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Abstract Thursdays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Key demand of the question: Explain in detail the act of whistle blower and how it can have both perspectives.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Explain what is whistle blowing.

Body:

Explain What are the moral and ethical justification of whistleblowing – whistleblowing is morally required when it is required at all; people have a moral obligation to prevent serious harm to others if they can do so with little costs to themselves. Give examples to justify your points.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stressing on the need of whistle-blower protection

 


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