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[MISSION 2022] Insights SECURE 2022 : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 6 April 2022

 

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General Studies – 1


Topic: Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

 

1. Critically examine the limitations of the Indian model of secularism? Do you think that there should be changes to the model to accommodate changing needs of the society?  (250 words)

 

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: the Hindu

 

Why the question: The High Court of Karnataka has not been able to settle the hijab issue. Its judgment has further provoked the hijab-wearing college students in Udupi, who have now approached the Supreme Court of India to contest the order.

Key Demand of the question: To write about the limitations of Indian model of secularism and comment of the need for changes in it.

Directive word: 

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin your answer by defining secularism.

Body:

First, mention the various features of the Indian model of secularism. Next, analyse the various limitations of the Indian model – Problem of Uniform Civil Code, Politics and Religion, communal tensions and Cultural Symbols and Secularism: etc.

Next, discuss the various changes that need to be done the current model as per the changing needs to the society.

Conclusion:

Comment with a balanced way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


Topic: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary.

2. Digitisation of the judiciary offers key benefits in improving efficiency of the courts. However, the lack of digital expertise is a major hindrance which needs to addressed. Analyse. (250 words)

 

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: livelaw

 

Why the question: Dr. Justice Dhananjaya Y. Chandrachud joined an event organised by the High Court of Orissa to inaugurate e-filing 3.0 for the High Court and District and Subordinate Courts of the State, Vulnerable Witness Deposition Centres with Virtual Courtrooms in District Court Establishments and Odisha Judicial Workflow Automation System (OJWAS) for paperless office in the High Court.

Key Demand of the question: To write about the approach that needs to be taken for digitisation of courts.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context towards increased Digitisation of the judiciary in the recent times.

Body:

Mention the advantages that the digitisation of judiciary brings. Especially with respect disruptions caused by the pandemic.

Next, bring out the concerns associated with e-Courts. Need for performance audits and sandboxing measures to carefully understand and gauge the potential and risks.

Write about additional measures that are required to realise the full potential e-courts

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

 

Topic:  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

 

3. The Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) has to carefully balance the recovery phase of economic growth and manage rising inflationary tendencies in the uncertain geopolitical climate. Examine. (250 words)

 

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: livemint

 

Why the question: Inflation worries are rapidly spreading across the world. Price pressures are not the same across countries, despite the fact that all of them have been hit by very similar supply shocks over the past two years.

Key Demand of the question: To write about the great balancing act that MPC has to done to manage growth and inflation in uncertain geopolitical climate.

Directive word:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the answer by writing the aims and objectives of monetary policy committee.

Body:

In the first part, Discuss the concept of Inflation targeting first by Monetary Policy – Inflation control is a legitimate objective of economic policy given the correlation between inflation and macro-economic stability. Discuss the impact of inflation targeting.

Next, in relative to the above, mention the economic growth aspect of monetary policy, preventing slowdown in industrial activity, generating flow of credit etc. Write how the situation becomes more precarious as India recovers from the impact of the pandemic.

Next, write about the geopolitical uncertainty due to the crisis in Ukraine, global supply of crude oil, crisis in Sri Lanka which will affect the inflationary tendencies.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward which summarises that India needs to take steps in order to protect its own interests.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic:  Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

4. Explain the PPP model of investment. What are the limitations of this model? Suggest measures to streamline PPP model for improving investment and reducing bottlenecks. (250 words)

 

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: InstaPedia

 

Why the question: The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

Directive word: 

Directive word: 

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by defining PPP model of investment.

Body:

First, explain the various features of the PPP model and its various types.

Next, write about the various bottlenecks in PPP model – Regulatory hurdles related to Land Acquisition, crony capitalism, wrongful risk allocation, delays and stalled projects and conflicts between the government and the contractor etc.

Suggest steps as to how to overcome them.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

 

5. What is metaverse? Discuss the potential applications of metaverse. What are factors that needs to be considered for creation of a seamless and accessible metaverse ecosystem in India? (250 words)

 

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: TimeOfIndia

 

Why the question: Over the past few months, there’s been growing excitement about the ‘metaverse’. Microsoft was the first major tech company to work towards it and followed by Facebook.

Key Demand of the question: To write about technological and regulatory preparations that India must ensure for developments of new virtual environments like metaverse.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the concept of metaverse.

Body:

Elaborate on the various components of the metaverse and its possible applications. Substantiate with examples.

Next, write about the factors that India needs to consider – Infrastructure development, interoperability, Payments system, Preventing Cartelization by big companies, Security, Privacy and regulatory issues that must be put in place.

Conclusion:

End the answer with a way forward which summarises need to make most of the opportunity of technology of metaverse.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

 

6. The only thing necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to do nothing. Explain with examples. (150 words)

 

Difficulty level: Easy

Why the question: The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by giving a simple understanding of the meaning of the quote.

Body:

Mention the morality of conscious inaction, its consequences. No action resulting in injustice. Cite examples from history and current happenings to substantiate. Write about the aspect of communitarian ethics where the good men have the responsibility to speak out and act in the face of evils, to preserve their community.

Conclusion:

Conclude by underscoring injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere and hence calls for ‘good men’ to take responsibility.

 

 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators.

 

7. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“Three things cannot be long hidden: the sun, the moon, and the truth” -Gautama Buddha.


Difficulty level: Easy

 

Why the question: The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Directive word: 

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the quote in your word.

Body:

The sun sets, but we all know it will rise again in the morning. The moon rises when the sun sets and sets when the sun reappears. In other words, something that exists can be hidden for a certain period of time, but it will always reappear and the truth is the same. You can manipulate, distort the truth, hide it, but at some point, the truth will be known. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by emphasising on the importance of leading a truthful life.

 


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