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Explain the PPP model of investment. What are the limitations of this model? Suggest measures to streamline PPP model for improving investment and reducing bottlenecks. (250 words)

Topic:  Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

4. Explain the PPP model of investment. What are the limitations of this model? Suggest measures to streamline PPP model for improving investment and reducing bottlenecks. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: InstaPedia

 

Why the question: The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

Directive word: 

Directive word: 

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by defining PPP model of investment.

Body:

First, explain the various features of the PPP model and its various types.

Next, write about the various bottlenecks in PPP model – Regulatory hurdles related to Land Acquisition, crony capitalism, wrongful risk allocation, delays and stalled projects and conflicts between the government and the contractor etc.

Suggest steps as to how to overcome them.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.