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 A regime of social security must be installed to meet the basic needs of migrant workers with strategic policy guidance for inter-State coordination. Comment. (250 words)

Topic: population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

 

1. A regime of social security must be installed to meet the basic needs of migrant workers with strategic policy guidance for inter-State coordination. Comment. (250 words)

 

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: the Hindu

 

Why the question: Only two years ago, in the wake of a nationwide lockdown, India was left shocked by the plight of migrant workers walking hundreds of kilometres, facing hunger, exhaustion and violence, to get to the safety of their home villages.

Key Demand of the question:  To write about the need to have social security for migrant workers based on inter-state coordination.

Directive word: 

Comment- here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context regarding the issues faced by migrant workers during the lockdown.

Body:

First, elaborate upon the issues faced by migrant workers – Distress migration: due to non-existent social security and unilateral decisions. Loss of livelihoods, Paradox of hunger despite having plenty, Devastating impact on women and children’s nutrition etc. Account the reasons for the same.

Next, discuss the policies and initiatives of the government in this direction to have a social security and inter-state coordination.

Next, suggest what needs to be done further to alleviate the issues of migrant workers.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.