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What are the underlying reasons for agrarian distress in India? There is urgent need to address the problem of agrarian distress on a war footing. Suggest measures. (250 words)

Topic:Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

 

5. What are the underlying reasons for agrarian distress in India? There is urgent need to address the problem of agrarian distress on a war footing. Suggest measures. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: InstaPedia

 

Why the question: The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question: To write about the reasons for agrarian distress and to suggest measures to overcome them.

Introduction: 

Start by giving statistic regarding role of agriculture in India’s economy.

Body:

In the first part, explain the reasons for agricultural distress – unviable agriculture, ineffective Minimum Support Prices (MSP) system, adverse terms of trade, rural indebtedness and inefficient value chain in agriculture.

Next, suggest measures to overcome the above – Invigorating Procurement operation in major crops, Strengthen Forward Markets, Widening Crop Insurance, Integrating Agricultural Markets and Promoting Smart farming etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.