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The relaxation of AFSPA is welcome, but gradual efforts should be made towards its repeal by ensuring that law and order is maintained by normal means in disturbed areas. Examine. (250 words)

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

 

3. The relaxation of AFSPA is welcome, but gradual efforts should be made towards its repeal by ensuring that law and order is maintained by normal means in disturbed areas. Examine. (250 words)

 

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express 

 

Why the question: In what is clearly a nod to the vociferous demand for the repeal of the unpopular Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA) from several States in the northeast, especially after 13 civilians were killed in Mon district in Nagaland in December last year, the Union Home Ministry has decided to considerably reduce the number of “disturbed areas” under the Act in three States.

Key Demand of the question: To write about the reasons to repeal AFSPA completely and steps needed to achieve it.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the answer by giving context regarding relaxation of AFSPA.

Body:

First, write about the reasons as to why AFSPA considered draconian – AFSPA allows civilian authorities to call on the armed forces, de facto immunity from prosecution, AFSPA has uncanny similarities with emergencies and effectively suspends fundamental freedoms etc.

Next, write about the steps that are needed to restore normal law and order mechanism in disturbed areas.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

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