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Groundwater plays a major role in both hydrologic and human systems. The existing approach for utilising groundwater is flawed and unsustainable. Hence, there is need to have a new paradigm for groundwater management. Discuss.  (250 words)

Topic:  Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

 

1. Groundwater plays a major role in both hydrologic and human systems. The existing approach for utilising groundwater is flawed and unsustainable. Hence, there is need to have a new paradigm for groundwater management. Discuss.  (250 words)

 

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: the Hindu

 

Why the question: The theme of this year’s World Water Day was ‘Groundwater: Making the Invisible Visible’. The primary focus is to draw attention to the role of groundwater in water and sanitation systems, agriculture, industry, ecosystems, and climate change adaptation.

Key Demand of the question: To write importance of ground water, the limitations in the present approach of its utilisation and changes required to it.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the answer by writing about the importance of groundwater.

Body:

First, write about the issues in the present approach towards utilisation of ground water – Overexploitation of groundwater and intensive irrigation in major canal commands has posed serious problems for groundwater managers in India. Depletion of water tables, saltwater encroachment, drying of aquifers, groundwater pollution, water logging and salinity, etc. are major consequences of overexploitation and intensive irrigation.

Next, write about the changes that are needed to be taken in the new approach in order to ensure sustainable use of groundwater.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.