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[MISSION 2022] Insights SECURE 2022 : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 1 April 2022

 

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General Studies – 1


Topic: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

 

1. The revolutionary nationalist movement evolved under Bhagat Singh as the emphasis shifted away from militancy and heroic action to creation of a mass-based struggle. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: IndianExpress 

Why the question: With Delhi government allocating Rs 10 crore budget to activities relating to Bhagat Singh in a year, Bhagat Singh Archives and Resource Centre hopes to get some regular funding and minimum regular staff, to continue and expand its scope and activities.

Key Demand of the question: To write about how the scope and nature of revolution evolved under Bhagat Singh and his comrades.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give a brief about the ideology of Bhagat Singh and his associates.

Body:

Mention how their ideology evolved. From the belief in violence and heroic action towards national liberation and then the building of a new socialist society.

Mention the features of the new revolution they believed in. Preventing exploitation of all forms, Freedom, justice, ending communalism, scientific temper etc.

Conclusion:

Write about how these were ideals were incorporated in our constitution.

 


General Studies – 2


Topic: India and its neighborhood- relations.

2. India-Nepal relations are in need of a rebalancing. This can be achieved by India emphasising on Neighbourhood First Policy and Nepal reciprocating India’s efforts. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: the Hindu

 

Why the question: The visit of Nepal’s Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba to India, beginning April 1 — four years after a Nepali leader visited New Delhi — is significant. It is the first bilateral visit abroad for Mr. Deuba who leads an election government

Key Demand of the question: To bring out the changing landscape of Indo-Nepal relation in light of recent developments between the two countries and need for rebalancing,

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief, give a historical perspective of Indo-Nepal relations.

Body:

Present a timeline that depicts major events between India and Nepal and highlights the controversies around their relations. Elaborate upon the recent boundary issue as well he internal strife being witnessed in Nepal.

Discuss the underlying factors responsible for unchanging perspectives for each other. Bring out their impacts on the relations of the both countries. Discuss ties at different levels between the two – people to people ties, government to government ties, the China factor etc.

Bring out the present picture of the Indo-Nepal ties.

Conclusion:

Mention a way forward to recalibrate the ties and ensure mutual prosperity between the two countries.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic: Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

3. Redesigning the PDS supply chain is essential for successful and seamless delivery of food in order to overcome hunger and malnutrition. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: InstaPedia 

 

Why the question: Why the question: The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question: To write about the PDS reforms that are needed.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of PDS and its role in delivery of food grains.

Body:

In the first part, mention the various bottlenecks, limitations and the shortcomings with respect to PDS in India. Cite statistics and reports to substantiate your points.

Next, write about the steps that are required to ensure a seamless supply chain to overcome hunger and malnutrition.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

 

Topic: Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints.

4. National Mission on Edible Oils and Oil Palm (NMEO-OP) may achieve the much-desired self-reliance in palm oil but it has many underlying political, socio-economic and ecological concerns. Critically Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question: The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question: To write about the potential drawbacks of the National Mission on Edible Oils and Oil Palm (NMEO-OP) with respect to overzealous push on cultivation of oil palm.

Directive word: 

Critically analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Write about National Mission on Edible Oils and Oil Palm (NMEO-OP), its aims and objectives.

Body:

Mention the recent push by the government towards cultivation of palm in India. The areas chosen for its cultivation.

Next, mention benefits India will accrue from achieving self-reliance in palm oil.

Write about potential pitfalls and negative outcome of this mission with respect to Oil palm. Deforestation, damaging effects on the environment and human rights violation etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

  

Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

 

5. Compare and contrast genome editing with genetic modification. What are the potential applications of genome editing technology? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

 

Why the question: The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question: To understand the differences between Genetic editing and modification and the applications of genome editing.

Directive word: 

Compare and contrast – provide for a detailed comparison of the two types, their features that are similar as well as different. One must provide for detailed assessment of the two.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining Genetic modification (GM) and Gene Editing and highlight the difference between the two.

Body:

First, mention about the various benefits such as drought/salinity resistant, pest resistant, higher yield, better nutrition etc with few examples. Next, mention about the anticipated threats such as expected or harmful genetic changes, inadvertent transfer of genes from one GM plant or animal to another plant or animal etc.

Next, write about the applications of genome editing.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating that in the context of present Food Security needs, more research and regulations are to be brought out in order to roll out safe GM crops.

 

 

Topic: Disaster and disaster management

6. There has been an increase in forest fires events across India. Examine the causes and suggest measures required for forest fire mitigation. (250 words)

 

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: DownToEarth

 

Why the question: A fire has engulfed a vast expanse of forest area in West Bengal’s Purulia district since March 24, 2022, according to officials of the forest department. The laze has spread rapidly in the forested areas of Joychandi, Garpanchakot, Bandoan, Baranti and Ayodhya hills, they added. Some of these areas are in the reserved forest category.

Key Demand of the question: The article explains why forest fires break out and why they have been so frequent.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start with some data relevant to forest fires in India.

Body:

Draw a small illustrative diagram showing major forest fire prone areas.

Discuss first the reasons of forest fires; Thunderstorms are the most likely natural cause for forest fires. Slash and burn techniques etc. The reasons are mainly manmade, particularly in cases where people visit forests and leave burning bidis, cigarette stubs or other inflammable materials.

Next, explain the concerns posed by it. Explain why they are difficult to control.

Next, discuss the efforts being taken in this direction.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


Topic: Case Study.

7. 

You are the Excise Commissioner of state with a high rate of narcotic abuse and you under take a potentially sweeping drug investigation with inter-State and international ramifications. You appoint a well-equipped special squad for the same.

The drug case has its provenance in intelligence generated jointly by the State Excise Enforcement Squad (SEES) and the Customs department. The Customs had intercepted at least two air cargo parcels containing a significant amount of a banned narcotic. The importers had used fake invoices and the services of a cargo agent to ship in the drug from Spain surreptitiously.

The SEES learnt a well-heeled and influential youth with association with the ruling party was the kingpin of the racket. The SEES intercepted a seven-member group, associated with the kingpin, travelling in a van acting on a tip-off. The squad seized small quantity of banned narcotics and a deer antler from the vehicle.

Based on information obtained from the gang, that the kingpin has stashed at least 2 kg of the banned drug in an apartment, you immediately dispatch a part of the special squad headed by an Additional Excise Commissioner.

However, for unknown reasons, the squad allowed the prime accused in the case to walk free and not much of the banned drug was seized from the apartment. It also did not account for the seizure of the deer antler. Moreover, the squad registered the existing case in a manner alleged to be advantageous to the accused. Some officers refused in the squad to endorse the report and registered their opposition in writing as the report was prepared nefariously.

The issue became a scandal after surveillance camera images of the accused moving the banned drugs out of the apartment during the raid went viral. The “embarrassment” prompted Excise Minister to order the internal inquiry headed by you. The opposition and media are relentless in its criticism of how this case was handled.

  1. As the excise commissioner, to what extent are you responsible for the failure of the operation?
  2. What are the reasons for the such lapses occurring on part of drug enforcement officials?
  3. What course of action will you take to remedy this botch up?

 

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question: The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Case Study Fridays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give a brief introduction regarding struggles of fight against drugs and drug menace itself.

Body:

Cite the facts of the case and ethical values involved.

  1. In detail, argue reasons as to why failure of the operation is your responsibility has the head of the department. Albeit, not entirely, but you were at the helm of affairs.
  2. Mention the various reasons for the lapses in drug enforcement – systemic, attitudinal and ethical factors must be mentioned.
  3. Draw out a detailed course of action to right the wrong that have been committed. Emphasis should be holding the guilty accountable and solving the menace of drugs holistically in the long run.

Conclusion:

Mention long term solutions to put an end to the drug menace.

 

 


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