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Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Ann Yojana:  

GS Paper 2:

Topics Covered: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes and betterment of these vulnerable sections.



In keeping with the concern and sensitivity towards poor and vulnerable sections of society, the Government has extended the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana (PM-GKAY) scheme for another six months i.e., till September 2022 (Phase VI).

  • The Phase-V of PM-GKAY scheme was to end in March 2022.
  • It may be recalled that the PM-GKAY has been under implementation since April 2020, as the largest food security program in the world.



During the ongoing crisis owing to Covid-19 Pandemic, Union Government announced Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Ann Yojana (PMGKAY) providing free food grains to the affected population.

PMGKAY is a part of Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Package (PMGKP) to help the poor fight the battle against Covid-19.

  • Its nodal Ministry is the Ministry of Finance.
  • It was initially announced for a three-month period (April, May and June 2020), covering 80 crore ration cardholders. Later it was extended till November 2020.
  • However, in April 2021, the government had announced its decision to restart the scheme as PMGKAY-III.

The salient features of the scheme are:

  • 80 crore individuals, i.e, roughly two-thirds of India’s population would be covered under this scheme.
  • Insurance cover of Rs 50 Lakh per health worker fighting COVID-19 to be provided under Insurance Scheme.
  • 80 crore poor people will to get 5 kg wheat or rice and 1 kg of preferred pulses for free every month for the next three months.
  • 20 crore women Jan Dhan account holders to get Rs 500 per month for next three months.
  • Increase in MNREGA wage to Rs 202 a day from Rs 182 to benefit 13.62 crore families.
  • Government to front-load Rs 2,000 paid to farmers in first week of April under existing PM Kisan Yojana to benefit 8.7 crore farmers.


Government of India will bear all expenditure of over Rs. 26,000 crore on account of food subsidy and Central assistance to states/UTs on account of intra-state transportation etc.


  • A key issue is that the beneficiaries of the National Food Security Act are based on the last census (2011).
  • The number of food-insecure people has increased since then and they remain uncovered.



Prelims Link:

  1. Buffer Stocks & Food Security.
  2. Public Distribution System (PDS).
  3. PMGKY.
  4. NFSA.

Mains Link:

Discuss the significance of National Food Security Act.

Sources: the Hindu.