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[MISSION 2022] Insights SECURE 2022 : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 28 March 2022

 

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General Studies – 1


Topic: Social empowerment

1. There have been various efforts towards securing a life of dignity for persons with disabilities (PwD). However, to be able to realize the goal of inclusiveness, it is imperative to involve persons with disabilities as equal partners in their development and decision-making. Comment.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Scroll.in

 

Why the question: In an interim order on Friday, the Supreme Court allowed candidates with physical disabilities, who have cleared the civil services written exam, to provisionally apply to the Union Public Service Commission for selection in three categories such as IPS.

Key Demand of the question: To write about the efforts at achieving inclusivity for PwD’s and steps need to realise it by making them equal partners in their development.

Directive word: 

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the answer by giving statistic regarding the number of persons with disabilities (PwD) in India.

Body:

First, write about the efforts made at improving the lives of PwD’s – Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016, Sugamya Bharat Abhiyaan/Accessible India campaign, Disability movement etc.

Mention the shortcomings of the above – lack of medical treatment, educational opportunity, absence of PwDs in decision making etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward to involve PwDs as stakeholder in their development and decision-making.

 

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.

2. Collegium reforms must aim at greater transparency, while eliminating the scope for arbitrariness in judicial appointment process and this must be done without compromising the judicial independence. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: the Print

 

Why the question: A plea has been filed in the Delhi High Court challenging the Central Information Commission’s order dismissing an RTI appeal seeking the agenda of the Supreme Court collegium meeting on December 12, 2018, when certain decisions were purportedly taken on elevation of judges to the apex court.

Key Demand of the question: To write about nature of reforms in the Collegium system of judicial appointments.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Begin the answer by describing the collegium system of appointments to higher judiciary.

Introduction: 

Begin the answer by tracing the journey of the process of appointments of the judges to the apex court since independence.

Body:

Mention in brief the three judges’ case and NJAC act, 2014.

Next, write about the reasons which calls for reforms to the existing collegium system. Opaqueness, lack of accountability, lack of representation from weaker sections, slow pace of appointments and lack of public faith etc.

Suggest reforms to overcome the above issues that are affecting the collegium system without compromising the judicial independence.

Conclusion:

Mention the importance of efficient, independent and vigilant judiciary for our democracy.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:  changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

3. Examine the reasons behind the India’s record performance with respect to its exports. Suggest steps that are needed to sustain this level of exports in the future. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: livemint

 

Why the question: By 21 March, India had exported goods worth $400 billion this financial year, reaching the landmark for the first time, and clocking 37% growth over exports of $291 billion in FY21.

Key Demand of the question: To write about the reasons for India’s record growth in its exports and suggest measures to sustain it.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the answer by giving context to India’s export performance.

Body:

First, write about the reasons for the performance – protection offered to domestic manufacturing, fiscal subsidies, productivity linked incentives under the ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat’ and ‘Make In India’ and increasing merchandise trade etc.

Next, write about the steps that are needed to sustain this growth in exports – emphasising on export competitiveness, focus on small and labour-intensive firms and removing supply chain bottlenecks etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

4. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) needs to recognise the changing economic dynamics of developing countries and undertake restructuring and reforms accordingly. Comment. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: InstaPedia

 

Key Demand of the question: To write about how India can cope up to the disruptions in NCD services due the covid-19 pandemic.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context regarding the role of IMF in the global economy.

Body:

First, write about the various limitations regarding IMF – archaic rules, domination of developed countries, changing economic weight of emerging countries, stressing on completing quota reforms, quota determines its voting power as well as its borrowing capacity, Article IV consultation reports are utilised by credit rating agencies, impacting the fund-raising capacity of countries like India and maintaining data integrity

Write the reforms that are needed in the IMF to acknowledge the emerging markets increasing their share in global output or GDP over the years.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

5. The World Bank has supported India since its independence by giving large loans for its economic development. Evaluate its role as a facilitator of developmental objectives. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: InstaPedia

 

Why the question: The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question: To write about the role of world bank as the facilitator of development in India.

Directive word: 

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by explaining India’s relationship with World Bank since Independence.

Body:

In the first part, explain the ways the world bank has helped India since its independence – India is the largest recipient of loans from the World amounting to $102.1 billion, 77 The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, a part of the World Bank group, has lent India $57.2 billion, and the International Development Association, a multilateral concessional lender World Bank, has loaned $49.4 billion to India over the last 70 years.

Also write about, World Bank’s close partnership with the and State Governments and other development partners – non-governmental organizations (NGOs), the private and the public including academics, scientists, economists, journalists, and local people etc. Mention the schemes launched with respect to the above.

Next, write about various limitations associated with world bank funds.

Conclusion:

Conclude with balanced opinion regarding the role of World Bank in India’s economic development.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of Family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

6.  History shows that the mitigation and cessation of unjust practices ultimately comes from the assertion of core values of humanity. Explain with examples. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question: The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Philosophical Mondays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Key Demand of the question: To explain how unjust practices could be overcome by upholding and asserting core values.

Directive word: 

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by defining core values of humanity.

Body:

Explain as to how these core values can be used to overcome unjust practises. Use historical examples to justify the same. Mention the role core values play in mitigation of unjust practises.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising the need to use core values to overcome exist unjust practices.

 

 

Topic: ethical issues in international relations

7. Ethics does its work in international relations by granting and withdrawing legitimacy. Discuss. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Why the question: The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Philosophical Mondays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Key Demand of the question: To write about the role of ethics in international relations

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about the overall role of ethics in international relations.

Body:

With examples, substantiate on the point as to how ethics grants and withdraws legitimacy to international acts and relations. Use examples to explain your points. Mention that not always the legitimacy and ethics are considered in international relations.

Conclusion:

Mention the importance of upholding ethics in international relations.

 


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