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Comprehensive reforms are needed in the criminal justice system to ensure effective enforcement of the law, uphold accountability, have a well trained workforce and speedy disposal of the cases. Comment. (250 words)

Topic: Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

3. Comprehensive reforms are needed in the criminal justice system to ensure effective enforcement of the law, uphold accountability, have a well trained workforce and speedy disposal of the cases. Comment. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: the Hindu

 

Why the question: Aiming to make comprehensive changes in criminal laws, the government has initiated the process of amendment to laws such as Indian Penal Code, the Code of Criminal Procedure and the Indian Evidence Act in consultation with all stakeholders, the Rajya Sabha was informed.

Key Demand of the question: To write about the reforms that are needed in the criminal justice system of the country.

Directive word: 

Comment– here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by explaining context regarding the present status of the criminal justice system in India.

Body:

In the first part, explain the various drawbacks and issues with respect to the criminal justice system – lackadaisical implementation of law, poor investigation, delays, corruption. Mention the outcome of the same.

Next, write about the reforms that are needed to the criminal justice system to overcome the above. Mention the recommendations of various committees in this regard.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.